Advertisement

A Framework for Supply Chain Traceability Based on Blockchain Tokens

  • Thomas K. DasaklisEmail author
  • Fran Casino
  • Costas Patsakis
  • Christos Douligeris
Conference paper
  • 122 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP, volume 362)

Abstract

Tracing products and processes across complex supply chain networks has become an integral part of current supply chain management practices. However, the effectiveness and efficiency of existing supply chain traceability mechanisms are hindered by several barriers including lack of data interoperability and information sharing, opportunistic behaviour, lack of transparency and visibility and cyber-physical threats, to name a few. In this paper, we propose a forensics-by-design supply chain traceability framework with audit trails for integrity and provenance guarantees based on malleable blockchain tokens. This framework also provides the establishment of different granularity levels for tracing products across the entire supply chain based on their unique characteristics, supply chain processes and stakeholders engagement. To showcase the applicability of our proposal, we develop a functional set of smart contracts and a local private blockchain. The benefits of our framework are further discussed, along with fruitful areas for future research.

Keywords

Supply chain Traceability Blockchain tokens Smart contracts 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the European Commission under the Horizon 2020 Programme, as part of the project LOCARD (Grant Agreement no. 832735).

References

  1. 1.
    Badia-Melis, R., Mishra, P., Ruiz-García, L.: Food traceability: new trends and recent advances. A review. Food Control 57, 393–401 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Banafa, A.: IoT and blockchain convergence: benefits and challenges. IEEE Internet of Things (2017)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Benet, J.: IPFS-content addressed, versioned, P2P file system. arXiv preprint: arXiv:1407.3561 (2014)
  4. 4.
    Bettín-Díaz, R., Rojas, A.E., Mejía-Moncayo, C.: Methodological approach to the definition of a blockchain system for the food industry supply chain traceability. In: Gervasi, O., et al. (eds.) ICCSA 2018, Part II. LNCS, vol. 10961, pp. 19–33. Springer, Cham (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95165-2_2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Caro, M.P., et al.: Blockchain-based traceability in agri-food supply chain management: a practical implementation. In: 2018 IoT Vertical and Topical Summit on Agriculture - Tuscany, IOT Tuscany 2018, pp. 1–4 (2018)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cartier, L.E., Ali, S.H., Krzemnicki, M.S.: Blockchain, chain of custody and trace elements: an overview of tracking and traceability opportunities in the gem industry. J. Gemmol. 36(3), 212–227 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Casino, F., Dasaklis, T.K., Patsakis, C.: A systematic literature review of blockchain-based applications: current status, classification and open issues. Telemat. Inform. 36, 55–81 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Casino, F., et al.: Modeling food supply chain traceability based on blockchain technology. In: Manufacturing Modelling, Management and Control - 9th MIM 2019 (2019)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chen, Y.: Blockchain tokens and the potential democratization of entrepreneurship and innovation. Bus. Horiz. 61(4), 567–575 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Christidis, K., Devetsikiotis, M.: Blockchains and smart contracts for the Internet of Things. IEEE Access 4, 2292–2303 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dabbene, F., Gay, P., Tortia, C.: Traceability issues in food supply chain management: a review. Biosyst. Eng. 120, 65–80 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Dasaklis, T., Casino, F.: Improving vendor-managed inventory strategy based on Internet of Things (IoT) applications and blockchain technology. In: 2019 IEEE International Conference on Blockchain and Cryptocurrency (ICBC), pp. 50–55, May 2019Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dasaklis, T.K., et al.: Defining granularity levels for supply chain traceability based on IoT and blockchain. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Omni-Layer Intelligent Systems, COINS 2019, pp. 184–190. ACM (2019)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    ElMessiry, M., ElMessiry, A.: Blockchain framework for textile supply chain management: improving Transparency, Traceability, and Quality. In: Chen, S., Wang, H., Zhang, L.-J. (eds.) ICBC 2018. LNCS, vol. 10974, pp. 213–227. Springer, Cham (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-94478-4_15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Galvez, J.F., et al.: Future challenges on the use of blockchain for food traceability analysis. TrAC Trends Anal. Chem. 107, 222–232 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hegge, H., Wortmann, J.: Generic bill-of-material: a new product model. Int. J. Prod. Econ. 23(1–3), 117–128 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Islam, M.N.N., et al.: On IC traceability via blockchain. In: 2018 International Symposium on VLSI Design, Automation and Test, VLSI-DAT 2018, pp. 1–4 (2018)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kim, M., et al.: Integrating blockchain, smart contract-tokens, and IoT to design a food traceability solution. In: IEEE 9th IEMCON 2018, pp. 335–340 (2019)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lin, Q., Wang, H., Pei, X., Wang, J.: Food safety traceability system based on blockchain and EPCIS. IEEE Access 7, 20698–20707 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Liu, P.T.S.: Medical record system using blockchain, big data and tokenization. In: Lam, K.-Y., Chi, C.-H., Qing, S. (eds.) ICICS 2016. LNCS, vol. 9977, pp. 254–261. Springer, Cham (2016).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-50011-9_20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lu, Q., Xu, X.: Adaptable blockchain-based systems: a case study for product traceability. IEEE Softw. 34(6), 21–27 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mai, N., et al.: Benefits of traceability in fish supply chains-case studies. Br. Food J. 112(9), 976–1002 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Malik, S., et al.: ProductChain: scalable blockchain framework to support provenance in supply chains. In: IEEE 17th NCA 2018 (2018)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Mann, S., et al.: Blockchain technology for supply chain traceability, transparency and data provenance. In: ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, pp. 22–25 (2018)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Marinello, F., et al.: Development of a traceability system for the animal product supply chain based on blockchain technology. In: 8th ECPLF, pp. 258–268 (2017)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Matsuura, K.: Token model and interpretation function for blockchain-based Fintech applications. IEICE Trans. Fundam. Electron. Commun. Comput. Sci. 1, 3–10 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Memon, M., et al.: Analysis of traceability optimization and shareholder’s profit for efficient supply chain operation under product recall crisis. Math. Probl. Eng. 2015, 8 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Patsakis, C., Casino, F.: Hydras and IPFS: a decentralised playground for malware. Int. J. Inf. Secur. 18(6), 787–799 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Sander, F., Semeijn, J., Mahr, D.: The acceptance of blockchain technology in meat traceability and transparency. Br. Food J. 120(9), 2066–2079 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    dos Santos, R.B., et al.: IGR token-raw material and ingredient certification of recipe based foods using smart contracts. Informatics 6(1), 11 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Thiruchelvam, V., et al.: Blockchain-based technology in the coffee supply chain trade: case of Burundi coffee. J. Telecommun. Electron. Comput. Eng. 10(3–2), 121–125 (2018)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Tian, F.: A supply chain traceability system for food safety based on HACCP, blockchain & Internet of Things. In: 14th ICSSSM (2017)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Westerkamp, M., et al.: Tracing manufacturing processes using blockchain-based token compositions. Digit. Commun. Netw. (2019, in press). https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S235286481830244X
  34. 34.
    Zhuang, C., Li, Y., Dai, Q., Liu, H.: A pharmaceutical supply chain traceability system based on blockchain and smart contract. In: Proceedings of International Conference on Computers and Industrial Engineering, CIE, vol. 2018, December 2018Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas K. Dasaklis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fran Casino
    • 1
  • Costas Patsakis
    • 1
  • Christos Douligeris
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of InformaticsUniversity of PiraeusPiraeusGreece

Personalised recommendations