A Framework for Supply Chain Traceability Based on Blockchain Tokens

  • Thomas K. DasaklisEmail author
  • Fran Casino
  • Costas Patsakis
  • Christos Douligeris
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP, volume 362)


Tracing products and processes across complex supply chain networks has become an integral part of current supply chain management practices. However, the effectiveness and efficiency of existing supply chain traceability mechanisms are hindered by several barriers including lack of data interoperability and information sharing, opportunistic behaviour, lack of transparency and visibility and cyber-physical threats, to name a few. In this paper, we propose a forensics-by-design supply chain traceability framework with audit trails for integrity and provenance guarantees based on malleable blockchain tokens. This framework also provides the establishment of different granularity levels for tracing products across the entire supply chain based on their unique characteristics, supply chain processes and stakeholders engagement. To showcase the applicability of our proposal, we develop a functional set of smart contracts and a local private blockchain. The benefits of our framework are further discussed, along with fruitful areas for future research.


Supply chain Traceability Blockchain tokens Smart contracts 



This work was supported by the European Commission under the Horizon 2020 Programme, as part of the project LOCARD (Grant Agreement no. 832735).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas K. Dasaklis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fran Casino
    • 1
  • Costas Patsakis
    • 1
  • Christos Douligeris
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of InformaticsUniversity of PiraeusPiraeusGreece

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