Skip to main content

Optimum Design of a Hybrid Photovoltaic/Diesel/Battery/System Using Water Cycle Algorithm

Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS,volume 102)

Abstract

This paper proposes a novel approach for the optimal design of an autonomous hybrid energy system. The hybrid system consists of photovoltaic panels, diesel generator and battery bank. The constrained water cycle algorithm is applied to minimize the cost of energy (COE) while the CO2 emission and unmet load are considered as constraints. The proposed method is tested and evaluated to find the optimal configuration of hybrid system, which is designed to electrify 25 households located in a rural Saharan village. The optimization results stated the efficiency and robustness of the proposed method. Moreover, based on the values of the unmet load and the minimum quantity of CO2 emissions constraints, an optimal solution (15 kWp of PV, 74.8 kWh of battery bank, 5 kW of DG) is chosen and analyzed. The COE of the optimal configuration is 0.45 $/kWh with a PV penetration of 97%.

Keywords

  • Water cycle algorithm
  • Optimization
  • Hybrid energy system

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-37207-1_9
  • Chapter length: 12 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   189.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-37207-1
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   249.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 5.

References

  1. Kadri, A., Hamidat, A.: Technico–economic assessment of hybrid diesel-photovoltaic power plant in the south of Algeria. In: AIP Conference Proceedings. AIP Publishing (2016)

    Google Scholar 

  2. Fodhil, F., Hamidat, A., Nadjemi, O.: Energy control strategy analysis of hybrid power generation system for rural Saharan community in Algeria. In: International Conference in Artificial Intelligence in Renewable Energetic Systems. Springer (2017)

    Google Scholar 

  3. Rodríguez-Gallegos, C.D., Gandhi, O., Bieri, M., Reindl, T., Panda, S.K.: A diesel replacement strategy for off-grid systems based on progressive introduction of PV and batteries: an Indonesian case study. Appl. Energy 229, 1218–1232 (2018)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  4. Chaurey, A., Kandpal, T.C.: Assessment and evaluation of PV based decentralized rural electrification: an overview. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 14(8), 2266–2278 (2010)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  5. Gan, L.K., Shek, J.K.H., Mueller, M.A.: Optimised operation of an off-grid hybrid wind-diesel-battery system using genetic algorithm. Energy Convers. Manag. 126, 446–462 (2016)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  6. Al-Alawi, A., Al-Alawi, S.M., Islam, S.M.: Predictive control of an integrated PV-diesel water and power supply system using an artificial neural network. Renew. Energy 32(8), 1426–1439 (2007)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  7. Movahediyan, Z., Askarzadeh, A.: Multi-objective optimization framework of a photovoltaic-diesel generator hybrid energy system considering operating reserve. Sustain. Cities Soc. 41, 1–12 (2018)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  8. Eteiba, M.B., Barakat, S., Samy, M.M., Wahba, W.I.: Optimization of an Off-Grid PV/Biomass hybrid system with different battery technologies. Sustainable Cities and Society (2018)

    Google Scholar 

  9. Fodhil, F., Hamidat, A., Nadjemi, O.: Potential, optimization and sensitivity analysis of photovoltaic-diesel-battery hybrid energy system for rural electrification in Algeria. Energy 169, 613–624 (2019)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  10. Nadjemi, O., Nacer, T., Hamidat, A., Salhi, H.: Optimal hybrid PV/wind energy system sizing: Application of cuckoo search algorithm for Algerian dairy farms. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 70, 1352–1365 (2017)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  11. Berbaoui, B., Dehini, R., Hatti, M.: An applied methodology for optimal sizing and placement of hybrid power source in remote area of South Algeria. Renewable Energy (2019)

    Google Scholar 

  12. Eskandar, H., Sadollah, A., Bahreininejad, A., Hamdi, M.: Water cycle algorithm – A novel metaheuristic optimization method for solving constrained engineering optimization problems. Comput. Struct. 110–111, 151–166 (2012)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  13. Sadollah, A., Eskandar, H., Lee, H.M., Yoo, D.G., Kim, J.H.: Water cycle algorithm: a detailed standard code. Software 5, 37–43 (2016)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  14. Dufo-López, R., Cristóbal-Monreal, I.R., Yusta, J.M.: Stochastic-heuristic methodology for the optimisation of components and control variables of PV-wind-diesel-battery stand-alone systems. Renew. Energy 99, 919–935 (2016)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  15. Wang, H., Zhang, D.: The stand-alone PV generation system with parallel battery charger. In: 2010 International Conference on Electrical and Control Engineering, pp. 4450–4453 (2010)

    Google Scholar 

  16. Sobu, A., Wu, G.: Optimal operation planning method for isolated micro grid considering uncertainties of renewable power generations and load demand. In: IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies, Tianjin, China (2012)

    Google Scholar 

  17. Skarstein, Ø., Uhlen, K.: Design considerations with respect to long-term diesel saving in wind/diesel plants. Wind Engineering, pp. 72–87 (1989)

    Google Scholar 

  18. Abedi, S., Alimardani, A., Gharehpetian, G.B., Riahy, G.H., Hosseinian, S.H.: A comprehensive method for optimal power management and design of hybrid RES-based autonomous energy systems. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 16(3), 1577–1587 (2012)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  19. Dufo-López, R., Bernal-Agustín, J.L.: Influence of mathematical models in design of PV-Diesel systems. Energy Convers. Manag. 49(4), 820–831 (2008)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to F. Fodhil .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this paper

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this paper

Fodhil, F., Hamidat, A., Nadjemi, O., Alliche, Z., Berkani, L. (2020). Optimum Design of a Hybrid Photovoltaic/Diesel/Battery/System Using Water Cycle Algorithm. In: Hatti, M. (eds) Smart Energy Empowerment in Smart and Resilient Cities. ICAIRES 2019. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, vol 102. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-37207-1_9

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-37207-1_9

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-37206-4

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-37207-1

  • eBook Packages: EngineeringEngineering (R0)