Water and Food Security Crisis Influencing Human Mobility Patterns: A Comprehensive Overview



The theory and practice of managing land and water interactions for ensuring food and water security are inherently complex. For an enhanced understanding of the interlinkages of this nexus, the chapter adopts a 3-tiered approach. The first tier outlines diverse narratives to explain human mobility and displacement driven by food and water crisis scenarios in different socioecological, sociocultural, and socio-political settings with a focus on Asia and Africa. The second tier unpacks how migration trends and patterns connect to water and food crisis scenarios. The third tier employs a case study approach (Congo Basin region) to illustrate the interlinkages in water security, food production and, human mobility in setting of conflicts. Overall, the chapter highlights the relatively under-examined scenarios stemming from water and food crisis and provide a guideline framework to assess multiple dimensions of human mobility, while connecting to the sustainable development agenda.


Water crisis Food crisis Human mobility Global Congo basin Sustainable development 



The authors are grateful to those who provided content, case studies, and other inputs during the preparation of the chapter. This includes interns and research fellows at UNU-INWEH who tenured during 2018–2019.The work of the lead author of this chapter is supported by UNU-INWEH through a long-term agreement with Global Affairs Canada. The co-authors would like to acknowledge their involvement through institutional support provided by their respective organizations.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.United Nations University, Institute of Water, Environment and Health (UNU INWEH)HamiltonCanada
  2. 2.School of Geography and Earth ScienceMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  3. 3.Gwangju Institute of Science and TechnologyGwangjuSouth Korea
  4. 4.International Environmental Research Institute (IERI), Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST),123 Cheomdangwagi-roBuk-gu, GwangjuRepublic of KoreaKorea
  5. 5.Algoma UniversitySault Ste. MarieCanada
  6. 6.Department of GeographyUniversity of Northern British ColumbiaBCCanada
  7. 7.Karuna Deutschland e.V. EssenGermany

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