Skip to main content

Cross Cultural Research: Opportunities and Strategies for Discovery

  • 567 Accesses

Part of the Trends in Andrology and Sexual Medicine book series (TASM)

Abstract

Although cross-cultural research is currently being conducted in many countries, on many subcultures, and by many research groups, much of this research either is not visible to the practitioner or does not specifically inform the practitioner as to how it might affect healthcare provider–client interactions. We argue for the need to include culturally relevant variables in standard research protocols, delineating research that addresses the healthcare experiences of cultural subsets from research designed to understand basic issues, attitudes, and differences within those cultural subsets. Finally, we offer ways in which various types of research investigations might be implemented within clinic settings and through various kinds of international collaborations.

Keywords

  • Cross cultural
  • Research
  • Methodology
  • Healthcare
  • Sexual medicine
  • Research design

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-36222-5_19
  • Chapter length: 13 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   79.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-36222-5
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   99.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   139.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Notes

  1. 1.

    This situation is further complicated by the fact that the mind itself has an autonomous character, capable of working with and manipulating internal stimuli and developing internal responses, which may not necessarily be externalized (think of a sexual fantasy leading to the feeling of being psychologically aroused but with no evident physical response)

References

  1. Van Zomeren M, Louis WR. Culture meets collective action: exciting synergies and some lessons to learn for the future. Group Process Intergroup Relat. 2017;20(3):277–84. https://doi.org/10.1177/1368430217690238.

    CrossRef  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  2. Fischler C. Culinary art and social change: some remarks. Ann Nutr Aliment. 1976;30(2–3):415–25.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Motofei IG, Rowland DL. The mind-body problem; three equations and one solution represented by immaterial-material data. J Mind Med Sci. 2018;5(1):59–69. https://doi.org/10.22543/7674.51.P5969.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  4. Jäncke L. Sex/gender differences in cognition, neurophysiology, and neuroanatomy. F1000Res. 2018;7:F1000. https://doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.13917.1.

    CrossRef  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  5. Brindis CD. A public health success: understanding policy changes related to teen sexual activity and pregnancy. Annu Rev Public Health. 2006;27:277–95.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  6. Lefkowitz ES, Shearer CL, Gillen MM, Espinosa-Hernandez G. How gendered attitudes relate to women’s and men’s sexual behaviors and beliefs. Sex Cult. 2014;18(4):833–46. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12119-014-9225-6.

    CrossRef  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  7. Weiss P, Brody S. Women’s partnered orgasm consistency is associated with greater duration of penile-vaginal intercourse but not of foreplay. J Sex Med. 2009;6(1):135–41. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2008.01041.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  8. Prabhakaran S, Ljuhar D, Coleman R, Nataraja RM. Circumcision in the pediatric patient: a review of indications, technique and complications. J Pediatr Child Health. 2018;54(12):1299–307. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpc.14206.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  9. Olson RM, García-Moreno C. Virginity testing: a systematic review. Reprod Health. 2017;14(1):61. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-017-0319-0.

    CrossRef  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  10. Rowland DL, Motofei IG. Experimental models in sexual medicine: eight best practices. In: Sexual dysfunctions in mentally ill patients. Switzerland: Springer; 2018. p. 5–30.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  11. Mourikis I, Antoniou M, Matsouka E, Vousoura E, Tzavara C, Ekizoglou C, Papadimitriou GN, Vaidakis N, Zervas IM. Anxiety and depression among Greek men with primary erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation. Ann General Psychiatry. 2015;14:34. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12991-015-0074.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  12. FDA Report. Collection, analysis, and availability of demographic subgroup data for FDA-approved medical products. 2013. Retrieved from http://www.fda.gov/downloads/RegulatoryInformation/Legislation/SignificantAmendmentstotheFDCAct/FDASIA/UCM365544.pdf

  13. Motofei IG, Rowland DL. Structural dichotomy of the mind; the role of sexual neuromodulators. J Mind. Med Sci. 2016;3(2):131–40.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Davidoff F. Can knowledge about heterogeneity in treatment effects help us choose wisely? Ann Intern Med. 2017;166:141–2. https://doi.org/10.7326/M16-1721.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  15. Woodcock J. “Precision” drug development? Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2016;99(2):152–4.

    CAS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  16. Anderson D, Sievert LL, Melby MK, Obermeyer CM. Methods used in cross-cultural comparisons of sexual symptoms and their determinants. Maturitas. 2011;70(2):135–40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2011.07.013.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  17. Rowland DL, Motofei IG. The aetiology of premature ejaculation and the mind-body problem: implications for practice. Int J Clin Pract. 2007 Jan;61(1):77–82.

    CAS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  18. Plaks JE, Fortune JL, Liang LH, Robinson JS. Effects of culture and gender on judgments of intent and responsibility. PLoS One. 2016;11(4):e0154467. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154467.

    CAS  CrossRef  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  19. Bersamin MM, Bourdeau B, Fisher DA, Grube JW. Television use, sexual behavior, and relationship status at last oral sex and vaginal intercourse. Sex Cult. 2010;14(2):157–68. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12119-010-9066-x.

    CrossRef  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  20. Motofei IG, Rowland DL. The ventral-hypothalamic input route: a common neural network for abstract cognition and sexuality. BJU Int. 2014 Feb;113(2):296–303. https://doi.org/10.1111/bju.12399.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  21. Bancroft J, Graham CA, Janssen E, Sanders SA. The dual control model: current status and future directions. J Sex Res. 2009;46(2–3):121–42. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224490902747222.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  22. Mull JD. Cross-cultural communication in the physician’s office. West J Med. 1993;159:609–13.

    CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  23. Rashidian M, Hussain R, Minichiello V. ‘My culture haunts me no matter where I go’: Iranian-American women discussing sexual and acculturation experiences. Cult Health Sex. 2013;15(7):866–77.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  24. Laumann EO, Paik A, Glasser DB, Kang JH, Wang T, Levinson B, Moreira ED, Nicolosi A, Gingell C. A cross-national study of subjective sexual well-being among older women and men: finding form the global study of sexual attitudes and Behaviors. Arch Sex Behav. 2006;35(2):145–61.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  25. Corona G, Rastrelli G, Ricca V, Jannini EA, Vignozzi L, Monami M, Sforza A, Forti G, Mannucci E, Maggi M. Risk factors associated with primary and secondary reduced libido in male patients with sexual dysfunction. J Sex Med. 2013;10(4):1074–89. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsm.12043.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  26. Khan S, Amjad A, Rowland D. Cognitive behavioral therapy as an adjunct treatment for Pakistani men with ED. Int J Impotence Res. 2017;29:202–6.

    CAS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  27. Khan S, Amjad A, Rowland D. Potential for long-term benefit of cognitive behavioral therapy as an adjunct treatment for men with erectile dysfunction. J Sex Med. 2019;16(2):300–6.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  28. Rowland DL, Dabbs CR, Medina MC. Sex differences in attributions to positive and negative sexual scenarios in men and women with and without sexual problems: reconsidering stereotypes. Arch Sex Behav. 2018;48(3):855. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-018-1270-z.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  29. Rowland DL, Cempel LM, Tempel AR. Women’s attributions regarding why they have difficulty reaching orgasm. J Sex Marital Ther. 2018;44:475–84. https://doi.org/10.1080/0092623X.2017.1408046.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  30. Rowland DL, Adamski BA, Neal CJ, Myers AL, Burnett AL. Self-efficacy as a relevant construct in understanding sexual response and dysfunction. J Sex Marital Ther. 2015;41:60–71. https://doi.org/10.1080/0092623X.2013.811453.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  31. Teunissen E, Gravenhorst K, Dowrick C, Van Well-Baumgarten E, Van den Driessen Mareeuw F, de Brún T, Burns N, Lionis C, Mair FS, O’Donnell C, O’Reilly-de Brún M, Papadaki M, Saridaki A. Implementing guidelines and training initiatives to improve cross-cultural communication in primary care consultations: a qualitative participatory European study. Int J Equity Health. 2017;16(32):1–12.

    Google Scholar 

  32. Dune T, Mapeszahama V. Culture clash: Shona (Zimbabwean) migrant women’s experiences with communicating about sexual health and wellbeing across cultures and generations. AJRH. 2017;21(1):18–29.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to David L. Rowland .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Rowland, D.L., Motofei, I. (2020). Cross Cultural Research: Opportunities and Strategies for Discovery. In: Rowland, D., Jannini, E. (eds) Cultural Differences and the Practice of Sexual Medicine. Trends in Andrology and Sexual Medicine. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-36222-5_19

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-36222-5_19

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-36221-8

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-36222-5

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)