Advertisement

Bioresource-Derived Graphene Quantum Dots: A Tale of Sustainable Materials and Their Applications

Chapter
  • 530 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Nanoscale Science and Technology book series (LNNST, volume 27)

Abstract

Carbon is an elite element when coming to the material research field [1]. Carbon has delivered numerous useful nanostructures including carbon nanotube [2], graphene, etc. [3]. The history of carbon nanomaterials began with the synthesis of graphene oxide from graphite, and it was named as ‘graphon’ in the older time [4]. Then a large number modified synthetic procedures were developed for the production of graphene oxide in bulk quantity [5]. Along with these developments, the invention of fullerene, an important allotrope of carbon, occurred [6], and it was followed by the discovery of one-dimensional carbon nanotubes [7]. At the same time, the existence of single sheet of graphite was a hot topic of debate, and its existence was only theoretical until in 2011 the monolayer graphene through scotch-tape technique was synthesized [8]. The other important carbon nanomaterials invented include nano-horns [9], nano-onions [10], etc. Thus, the carbon nanomaterial family included members in various dimensions ranging from zero to three.

References

  1. 1.
    dos Santos, M. C., Maynart, M. C., et al. (2017). Carbon-based materials: Recent advances, challenges, and perspectives. Reference module in materials science and materials engineering. Elsevier.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Schnorr, J. M., & Swager, T. M. (2011). Emerging applications of carbon nanotubes. Chemistry of Materials, 23(3), 646–657.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mohan, V. B., Lau, K.-t., et al. (2018). Graphene-based materials and their composites: A review on production, applications and product limitations. Composites Part B: Engineering, 142, 200–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Brodie, B. C. (1859). XIII. On the atomic weight of graphite. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 149, 249–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chen, D., Feng, H., et al. (2012). Graphene oxide: Preparation, functionalization, and electrochemical applications. Chemical Reviews, 112(11), 6027–6053.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kroto, H., Heath, J. R., O’Brien, S. C., Curl, R. F., & Smalley, R. E. (1987). Long Carbon Chain molecules in circular stellar shells, The Astrophysical Journal, 314, 352–355.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lijima, S. (1991). Helical microtubes of graphitic carbon. Nature, 354, 56–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Novoselov, K. S., Geim, A. K., et al. (2004). Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films. Science, 306(5696), 666–669.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Karousis, N., Suarez-Martinez, I., et al. (2016). Structure, properties, functionalization, and applications of carbon Nanohorns. Chemical Reviews, 116(8), 4850–4883.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mykhailiv, O., Zubyk, H., et al. (2017). Carbon nano-onions: Unique carbon nanostructures with fascinating properties and their potential applications. Inorganica Chimica Acta, 468, 49–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Xu, X., Ray, R., et al. (2004). Electrophoretic analysis and purification of fluorescent single-walled carbon nanotube fragments. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 126(40), 12736–12737.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ponomarenko, L., Schedin, F., et al. (2008). Chaotic Dirac billiard in graphene quantum dots. Science, 320(5874), 356–358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tian, P., Tang, L., et al. (2018). Graphene quantum dots from chemistry to applications. Materials Today Chemistry, 10, 221–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Li, L.-s., & Yan, X. (2010). Colloidal graphene quantum dots. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 1(17), 2572–2576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zhu, S., Zhang, J., et al. (2011). Strongly green-photoluminescent graphene quantum dots for bioimaging applications. Chemical Communications, 47(24), 6858–6860.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tan, X., Li, Y., et al. (2015). Electrochemical synthesis of small-sized red fluorescent graphene quantum dots as a bioimaging platform. Chemical Communications, 51(13), 2544–2546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tang, L., Ji, R., et al. (2012). Deep ultraviolet photoluminescence of water-soluble self-passivated graphene quantum dots. ACS Nano, 6(6), 5102–5110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Eda, G., Lin, Y. Y., et al. (2010). Blue photoluminescence from chemically derived graphene oxide. Advanced Materials, 22(4), 505–509.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Van Tam, T., Kang, S. G., et al. (2017). Synthesis of B-doped graphene quantum dots as a metal-free electrocatalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 5(21), 10537–10543.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Tayyebi, A., Akhavan, O., et al. (2018). Supercritical water in top-down formation of tunable-sized graphene quantum dots applicable in effective photothermal treatments of tissues. Carbon, 130, 267–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Shen, J., Zhu, Y., et al. (2011). Facile preparation and upconversion luminescence of graphene quantum dots. Chemical Communications, 47(9), 2580–2582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kwon, W., Kim, Y.-H., et al. (2014). Electroluminescence from graphene quantum dots prepared by amidative cutting of tattered graphite. Nano Letters, 14(3), 1306–1311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Luo, P., Ji, Z., et al. (2013). Aryl-modified graphene quantum dots with enhanced photoluminescence and improved pH tolerance. Nanoscale, 5(16), 7361–7367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhu, S., Zhang, J., et al. (2012). Surface chemistry routes to modulate the photoluminescence of graphene quantum dots: From fluorescence mechanism to up-conversion bioimaging applications. Advanced Functional Materials, 22, 4732–4740.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Wang, Z., Yu, J., et al. (2016b). Large-scale and controllable synthesis of graphene quantum dots from rice husk biomass: A comprehensive utilization strategy. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 8(2), 1434–1439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kundu, S., Yadav, R. M., et al. (2015). Synthesis of N, F and S co-doped graphene quantum dots. Nanoscale, 7(27), 11515–11519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Dhar, S., Majumder, T., et al. (2017). Phenomenal improvement of external quantum efficiency, detectivity and responsivity of nitrogen doped graphene quantum dot decorated zinc oxide nanorod/polymer schottky junction UV detector. Materials Research Bulletin, 95, 198–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Wen, T., Yang, B., et al. (2014). Organosilane-functionalized graphene quantum dots and their encapsulation into bi-layer hollow silica spheres for bioimaging applications. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 16(42), 23188–23195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Kovalchuk, A., Huang, K., et al. (2015). Luminescent polymer composite films containing coal-derived graphene quantum dots. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 7(47), 26063–26068.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Zheng, X. T., Ananthanarayanan, A., et al. (2015). Glowing graphene quantum dots and carbon dots: Properties, syntheses, and biological applications. Small, 11(14), 1620–1636.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Mahesh, S., Lekshmi, C. L., et al. (2017). New paradigms for the synthesis of graphene quantum dots from sustainable bioresources. New Journal of Chemistry, 41(17), 8706–8710.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Suryawanshi, A., Biswal, M., et al. (2014). Large scale synthesis of graphene quantum dots (GQDs) from waste biomass and their use as an efficient and selective photoluminescence on–off–on probe for Ag+ ions. Nanoscale, 6(20), 11664–11670.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Roy, P., Periasamy, A. P., et al. (2014). Plant leaf-derived graphene quantum dots and applications for white LEDs. New Journal of Chemistry, 38(10), 4946–4951.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Roy, P., Periasamy, A. P., et al. (2015). Photoluminescent graphene quantum dots for in vivo imaging of apoptotic cells. Nanoscale, 7(6), 2504–2510.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Kalita, H., Mohapatra, J., et al. (2016). Efficient synthesis of rice based graphene quantum dots and their fluorescent properties. RSC Advances, 6(28), 23518–23524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Ghosh, T., Chatterjee, S., et al. (2015). Photoinduced electron transfer from various aniline derivatives to graphene quantum dots. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 119(49), 11783–11790.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Kwon, W., Do, S., et al. (2012). Formation of highly luminescent nearly monodisperse carbon quantum dots via emulsion-templated carbonization of carbohydrates. RSC Advances, 2(30), 11223–11226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Wang, L., Li, W., et al. (2016a). Facile synthesis of fluorescent graphene quantum dots from coffee grounds for bioimaging and sensing. Chemical Engineering Journal, 300, 75–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Mahesh, S., Lekshmi, C. L., et al. (2016). Simple and cost-effective synthesis of fluorescent graphene quantum dots from honey: Application as stable security ink and white-light emission. Particle & Particle Systems Characterization, 33(2), 70–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Renuka, K. D., Lekshmi, C. L., et al. (2017). Sustainable bioresource-derived components for molecular keypad lock and IMPLICATION logic gate construction. Chemistry Select, 2(35), 11615–11619.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Li, Y., Hu, Y., et al. (2011). An electrochemical avenue to green-luminescent graphene quantum dots as potential electron-acceptors for photovoltaics. Advanced Materials, 23(6), 776–780.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Hwang, E., Hwang, H. M., et al. (2016). Chemically modulated graphene quantum dot for tuning the photoluminescence as novel sensory probe. Scientific Reports, 6, 39448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Sun, H., Wu, L., et al. (2013). Recent advances in graphene quantum dots for sensing. Materials Today, 16(11), 433–442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Emsley, J. (1980). Very strong hydrogen bonding. Chemical Society Reviews, 9(1), 91–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Larson, J., & McMahon, T. (1984). Gas-phase bihalide and pseudobihalide ions. An ion cyclotron resonance determination of hydrogen bond energies in XHY-species (X, Y= F, Cl, Br, CN). Inorganic Chemistry, 23(14), 2029–2033.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Van Amersfoort, E. S., & Van Strijp, J. A. G. (1994). Evaluation of a flow cytometric fluorescence quenching assay of phagocytosis of sensitized sheep erythrocytes by polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Cytometry, 17(4), 294–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Polymers and Special Chemicals DivisionVikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Indian Space Research OrganisationTrivandrumIndia
  2. 2.Electrocatalysis DivisionCSIR-CECRI Madras UnitChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations