Bioresource-Derived Graphene Quantum Dots: A Tale of Sustainable Materials and Their Applications

Part of the Lecture Notes in Nanoscale Science and Technology book series (LNNST, volume 27)


Carbon is an elite element when coming to the material research field [1]. Carbon has delivered numerous useful nanostructures including carbon nanotube [2], graphene, etc. [3]. The history of carbon nanomaterials began with the synthesis of graphene oxide from graphite, and it was named as ‘graphon’ in the older time [4]. Then a large number modified synthetic procedures were developed for the production of graphene oxide in bulk quantity [5]. Along with these developments, the invention of fullerene, an important allotrope of carbon, occurred [6], and it was followed by the discovery of one-dimensional carbon nanotubes [7]. At the same time, the existence of single sheet of graphite was a hot topic of debate, and its existence was only theoretical until in 2011 the monolayer graphene through scotch-tape technique was synthesized [8]. The other important carbon nanomaterials invented include nano-horns [9], nano-onions [10], etc. Thus, the carbon nanomaterial family included members in various dimensions ranging from zero to three.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Polymers and Special Chemicals DivisionVikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Indian Space Research OrganisationTrivandrumIndia
  2. 2.Electrocatalysis DivisionCSIR-CECRI Madras UnitChennaiIndia

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