Sustainability of Agricultural Systems
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Agriculture is a diverse array of production systems that are composed of interconnected physical, biological, and human components, across farm to global scales. Agricultural systems are described in terms of their diversity, that is, different types of systems and their heterogeneity, that is, the variation in the physical, biological, and human components within each type of the system. The diversity and complexity of agricultural systems throughout the world means that a variety of economic, environmental, and social indicators can be used to track and evaluate their performance. We elaborate on the economic rationale for the tradeoff analysis approach to sustainable development. Finally, we discuss the tools—the computer simulation models and data—used to implement the analysis of agricultural system sustainability.
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