Deposits Formed by Sedimentation and Weathering



Weathering, transport, and sedimentation are other processes that lead to effective fractionation. Little wonder important metal deposits are found in sediments. Resources such as sand, gravel, and limestone (Chap.  7) and fossil fuels (Chap.  6) would also fit into this chapter. Changes in flow velocity in rivers lead to sorted deposits of sand and gravel. Weather-resistant minerals with a high density can be enriched to form placer deposits (Sect. 5.9). However, fine clay minerals and dissolved ions are transported into the sea.


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Further Reading

  1. Guilbert, J.M., and C.F. Park. 1986. The geology of ore deposits. New York: WH Freeman.Google Scholar
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  7. Robb, L. 2005. Introduction to ore-forming processes. Malden, Massachussetts: Blackwell Science.Google Scholar
  8. Rothe, P. 2010. Schätze der Erde. Darmstadt: Primus Verlag.Google Scholar
  9. Seidler, C. 2012. Deutschlands verborgene Rohstoffe: Kupfer. Hanser, München: Gold und seltene Erden.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BerlinGermany
  2. 2.MarxenGermany

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