For their constructive comments on previous versions of this chapter, I am grateful to participants at the Twentieth Century Histories of Knowledge About Human Variation research group workshop, Max Planck Institute of Berlin; the Race, Ethnicity, Ancestry, and Human Genetic Variation NTM workshop, Oslo; the 12th World Congress of Bioethics, Mexico City; and the Rethinking Sami Cultures in Museums conference, University of Oslo. Thanks to the editors of this volume for their conscientious and constructive feedback. Finally, a special thanks to Jon Kyllingstad and Ageliki Lefkaditou for their detailed and helpful comments on earlier versions of the text. The Research Council of Norway funded this research through the Cultural Conditions Underlying Social Change program (SAMKUL; project no.: 220741/F10).