Applicability Study of Battery Charging Stations in Off-grid for Rural Electrification – The Case of Rwanda

  • Ghamgeen Izat RashedEmail author
  • Gilbert Shyirambere
  • Geoffrey Gasore
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1075)


Only 12% of rural areas have access to electricity in which off-grids serve 11% in Rwanda and the government of Rwanda (GoR) is aiming to electrify the whole country by 2024. However, rural areas are remote and scattered which will require higher capital investment to extending the grid engendering slow electrification. Though mini-grids and stand-alone systems are playing a great role in increasing the rate of electrification, the pace is not quite high because their prices are not affordable particularly to penury households which are hegemony in rural areas. In this paper, applicability study of battery charging stations in off-grid for rural electrification is presented that aims to combine together at least 10 solar panels in a charging station that are currently normally owned by only 10 households (HH). The focus is to electrify more from already available photovoltaic panels in the area, minimizing upfront cost as well as the whole system price allowing lowest income families to access the electricity, and local ownership.


Charging station Charging fee Off-grid sector in Rwanda Ubudehe categories 


  1. 1.
    USAID, Rwanda Power Africa Fact Sheet. Accessed 14 Nov 2018
  2. 2.
    Buchana, P., Ustun, T.S.: The role of microgrids & renewable energy in addressing Sub-Saharan Africa’s current and future energy needs. In: IREC 2015 The Sixth International Renewable Energy Congress, pp. 1–6. IEEE, March 2015Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    REG, Rwanda Energy Group, Off Solutions. Accessed 2018
  4. 4.
    Williams, N.J., Jaramillo, P., Taneja, J., Ustun, T.S.: Enabling private sector investment in microgrid-based rural electrification in developing countries: a review. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 52, 1268–1281 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nkiriki, J., Ustun, T.S.: Mini-grid policy directions for decentralized smart energy models in Sub-Saharan Africa. In: 2017 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe (ISGT-Europe), pp. 1–6. IEEE, September 2017Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Nizeyimana, P., Lee, K.W., Sim, S.: A study on the classification of households in Rwanda based on factor scores. Open image in new window 29(2), 547–555 (2018)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Republic of Rwanda-Ministry of Local Government, Revised Ubudehe Categories Are Out. Accessed 28 Apr 2016
  8. 8.
    Selen, K.: Rwanda: Off-grid Sector Status Report. Energizing Development (EnDev), Rwanda, April 2018.
  9. 9.
    Museruka, C., Mutabazi, A.: Assessment of global solar radiation over Rwanda. In: 2007 International Conference on Clean Electrical Power, pp. 670–676. IEEE, May 2007Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zimmerle, D.J., Kuppa, S.H.: Statistical failure estimation method to size off-grid electrical systems for villages in developing countries. In: 2017 IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (GHTC), pp. 1–6. IEEE, October 2017Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Africa-EU Renewable Energy Cooperation Programme (RECP), Higher Education for Renewable Energy, Country Mapping Rwanda. Accessed 10 May 2015
  12. 12.
    Mobisol Rwanda, BASIC System Package. Accessed 2018
  13. 13.
    MININFRA, Ministry of Infrastructure, Rural Electrification Strategy. Accessed 01 June 2016
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
    World Bank Group [US], Mobisol Bright Future 200 W SHS-32″ TV.
  16. 16.
    Energy Institute, Microgrid Company Advances Economic Development in Rwanda. Accessed 14 Nov 2018
  17. 17.
    Techmoran Entrepreneurship in Africa, Rwanda’s Meshpower Launches a Solar Mini-Grid to Open Up New Economic Opportunities. Accessed 16 May 2018
  18. 18.
    Currencies.Zone, Historic Rwandan Franc United States Dollar. Accessed 2019
  19. 19.
    Uwibambe, J.: Design of photovoltaic system for rural electrification in Rwanda. Master’s thesis, Universitetet i Agder (University of Agder) (2017)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Solar Online Australia, Solar System Basics – How Solar Power Works! Accessed 2018
  21. 21.
    Cohen, I.: Mobile for development utilities, mobisol, pay-as-you-go solar for entrepreneurs in Rwanda. GSMA, London (2016).
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
    National Bank of Rwanda, Exchange Rate For Today. Accessed 19 Apr 2019

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ghamgeen Izat Rashed
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gilbert Shyirambere
    • 2
  • Geoffrey Gasore
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Electrical Engineering and AutomationWuhan UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.College of Science and TechnologyUniversity of RwandaKigaliRwanda
  3. 3.African Centre of Excellence in Energy for Sustainable DevelopmentUniversity of RwandaKigaliRwanda

Personalised recommendations