Cross-Projection for Embedding Translation in Knowledge Graph Completion

  • Xiangnan Ma
  • Wenting Yu
  • Lin Zhu
  • Luyi BaiEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1075)


Knowledge graphs have been applied in many applications. However, they are incomplete. Previous completion works such as TransE, TransH and TransR/CTransR regard relation as translation between head entity and tail entity. They think that only entities are affected by relations, and change entities embeddings according to the corresponding relation. However, they neglect the influence between two entities. In this paper, we propose a new model named Cross-projected Translation Embedding model (CpTE) based on the translation theory. In CpTE, we assume that relation is affected by related entities and transmits effect between end-to-end entities. Head entity and tail entity are influenced by each other rather than their relation. Given a triple, we project each entity into another entity space and map relation into a union space constructed by entities. In Experiments, we evaluate our model on two typical tasks including link prediction and triple classification. Experiments results show that our approach outperforms than TransE, TransH and TransR/CTransR in link prediction task on evaluation sets WN18 and FB15K, and gets an improvement in triple classification on specific evaluation set FB15K.


Knowledge graph Representation learning Translation embedding 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61402087), the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (F2019501030), the Natural Science Foundation of Liaoning Province (2019-MS-130), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (N172304026). The data sets and basic codes used in our model are from OpenKE [16] project. We thank all teamers of OpenKE project for their work.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Computer and Communication EngineeringNortheastern UniversityQinhuangdaoChina

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