Skip to main content

Features of Fluid-Dynamic Processes in a Seismically Active Region (Case Study of Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia)

  • 248 Accesses

Part of the Springer Proceedings in Earth and Environmental Sciences book series (SPEES)

Abstract

The effects of 19 earthquakes (Mw = 6.8−9.0, epicentral distances 80–14600 km) are considered on data of long-term precision water level observations in the YuZ-5 well, Kamchatka Peninsula. Four types of water level variations were identified: I—oscillations, II—oscillations with short-term rise, III—short-term rises, IV—long-term decreases. Manifestations of the selected types of water level variations are determined by the intensity of seismic impact corresponding to the ratio of magnitude and earthquake’s epicentral distance, the calculated values of specific density of energy in seismic wave, maximum velocity and amplitude-frequency composition of maximum phases in the earthquake record, obtained from broadband seismic waveforms at the nearest station. Dynamic deformation of water-bearing rocks during the passage of seismic waves is accompanied by different hydrogeodynamic processes in the “well—water-bearing rock” system including amplification of water pressure variations in the wellbore, short-term impulses of pressure near the wellbore, water pressure decrease at distances up to hundreds of meters from the well due to increased permeability of water-bearing rocks during intense shocks. Based on water level variations modelling, we show evaluation criteria for possibility of their occurrences. These criteria include the presence of certain frequencies in composition of seismic wave (oscillations), values of amplitudes and relaxation times of water pressure impulses (short-term level rises), presence of geological objects with variable permeability in the vicinity of the well.

Keywords

  • Well
  • Water level
  • Earthquakes
  • Kamchatka peninsula

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-31970-0_26
  • Chapter length: 10 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   119.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-31970-0
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   159.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

References

  1. Boldina, S.V., Kopylova, G.N.: Effects of the January 30, 2016, Mw = 7.2 Zhupanovsky earthquake on the water level variations in wells YuZ-5 and E-1 in Kamchatka. Geodyn. Tectonophys. 8(4), 863–880 (2017). (in Russian)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  2. Bower, D., Heaton, K.: Response of an aquifer near Ottawa to tidal forcing and the Alaskan earthquake of 1964. Can. J. Earth Sci. 15, 331–340 (1978)

    ADS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  3. Brodsky, E.E., Roeloffs, E., Woodcock, D., Gall, I., Manga, M.A.: A mechanism for sustained groundwater pressure changes induced by distant earthquakes. J. Geophys. Res. 108, 2390–2400 (2003)

    ADS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  4. Cooper, H.H., Bredehoeft, J.D., Papadopulos, I.S., Bennet, R.R.: The response of well-aquifer system to seismic waves. J. Geophys. Res. 70, 3915–3926 (1965)

    ADS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  5. Gomberg, J., Felzer, K., Brodsky, E.: Earthquake dynamic triggering and ground motion scaling. In: 4th International Workshop on Statistical Seismology on Proceedings, pp. 45–51. Kanagawa, Japan (2006)

    Google Scholar 

  6. Kanamori, H., Brodsky, E.E.: The physics of earthquakes. Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 1429–1496 (2004)

    ADS  MathSciNet  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  7. Kocharyan, G.G., Vinogradov, E.A., Gorbunova, E.M., Markov, V.K., Markov, D.V., Pernik, L.M.: Hydrologic response of underground reservoirs to seismic vibrations. Izvestiya Phys. Solid Earth 47(12), 1071–1082 (2011)

    ADS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  8. Kopylova, G.N., Boldina, S.V.: The response of water level in the YuZ-5 well, Kamchatka to the magnitude 9.3, Sumatra–Andaman earthquake of december 26, 2004. J. Volcanol. Seismol. 1(5), 319–327 (2007)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  9. Kopylova, G.N., Boldina, S.V., Smirnov, A.A., Chubarova, E.G.: Experience in registration of variations caused by strong earthquakes in the level and physicochemical parameters of ground waters in the piezometric wells: the case of Kamchatka. Seism. Instrum. 53(4), 286–295 (2017)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  10. Riznichenko, YuV: The source dimensions of the crustal earthquakes and the seismic moment, in Issled po fizike zemletryasenii (Studies in Earthquake Physics). Nauka, Moscow (1976). (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  11. Roeloffs, E.A.: Persistent water level changes in a well near Parkfield, California, due to local and distant earthquakes. J. Geophys. Res. 103(B1), 869–889 (1998)

    ADS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  12. Wang, C.-Y., Manga, M.: Earthquakes and Water. Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences 114. Springer, Berlin (2010)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project 18-05-00337.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Galina Kopylova .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2019 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this paper

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this paper

Kopylova, G., Boldina, S. (2019). Features of Fluid-Dynamic Processes in a Seismically Active Region (Case Study of Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia). In: Kocharyan, G., Lyakhov, A. (eds) Trigger Effects in Geosystems. Springer Proceedings in Earth and Environmental Sciences. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-31970-0_26

Download citation