Characterization of Eye Gaze and Pupil Diameter Measurements from Remote and Mobile Eye-Tracking Devices

  • Riccardo LolattoEmail author
  • Giulia Rocco
  • Riccardo Mustoni
  • Chiara Maninetti
  • Riccardo Pastura
  • Andrea Pigazzini
  • Riccardo Barbieri
Conference paper
Part of the IFMBE Proceedings book series (IFMBE, volume 76)


Eye-tracking technology allows to capture real-time visual behavior information and to provide insights about cognitive processes and autonomic function, by measuring gaze position and pupillary response to delivered stimuli. Over the recent years, the development of easy-to-use devices led to a large increase in the use of eye-tracking in a broad spectrum of applications, e.g. clinical diagnostics and psychological research. Given the lack of extensive material to characterize the performance of different eye-trackers, especially latest generation devices, the present study aimed at comparing a screen-mounted eye-tracker (remote) and a pair of wearable eye-tracking glasses (mobile). Seventeen healthy subjects were asked to look at a moving target on a screen for 90 s, while point of regard (POR) and pupil diameter (PD) were recorded by the two devices with a sampling rate of 30 Hz. First, data were preprocessed to remove artifacts, then correlation coefficients (for both signals) and magnitude-squared coherence (for PD) were calculated to assess signals agreement in time and frequency domain. POR measurements from remote and mobile devices resulted highly comparable (ρ > 0.75). PD showed lower correlation and major dispersion (ρ > 0.50), besides a higher number of invalid samples from the mobile device with respect to the remote one. Results provided evidence that the two instruments do share the same content at the level of information generally used to characterize subjects behavioral and physiological reactions. Future analysis of additional features and devices with higher sampling frequencies will be planned to further support their clinical use.


Eye tracking Remote eye-tracker Mobile eye-tracker Eye gaze Pupil diameter 



The authors acknowledge PHEEL ( for the valuable support in both experimental and methodological development.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electronic, Informatics and Bioengineering DepartmentPolitecnico di MilanoMilanItaly

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