Non-invasive Intrauterine Pressure Estimation Based on Nonlinear Parameters Computed from the Electrohysterogram
Monitoring uterine contractions is essential during pregnancy and labor to obtain information on time-to-delivery and maternal and fetal wellbeing Intrauterine pressure (IUP) is considered the “gold standard” to monitor uterine activity, though it requires membrane rupture and is highly invasive. Considering that uterine mechanical activity is a direct consequence of uterine myoelectrical activity, IUP signal can be non-invasively estimated from abdominal electrohysterogram (EHG) recordings. Previous works have reported EHG-based IUP estimates with linear parameters as root-mean-square or Teager energy. Due to non-linear nature of biological processes, the aim of this study was to test the performance of different non-linear EHG parameters to estimate IUP signal. Simultaneous EHG and IUP recordings were conducted in 17 women during labour. Teager energy (TE), Sample entropy (SampEn), Spectral entropy (SpEn), Lempel-Ziv (LZ), and Poincaré parameters: SD1, SD2, SDRR and SD1/SD2 were computed from the EHG. Different window lengths for computation and for a smoothing moving average filter were tested. Monovariable linear regression models were used to obtain IUP estimates. The best results were obtained with TE and SD1, both computed and filtered with windows of 5 s and 20 s, respectively. In the latter case, the RMSerror was 12.25 ± 4.03 mmHg, which points that non-linear EHG parameters can provide relevant information for non-invasive uterine activity monitoring.
KeywordsUterine activity Intrauterine pressure Electrohysterography Signal processing Non-linear analysis
Nonetheless, this research has received funding from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness and the European Regional Development Fund (DPI2015-68397-R), the Generalitat Valenciana (GV/2018/104) and UPV-IIS La Fe (UPV_FE-2018-C03). These public entities provided only financial support and did not influence at all in the design, development or publication of the work.
Conflict of Interest
The authors have no conflict of interest in terms of personal financial interests or employment.
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