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The Self, Its Substance, and Its Structure: A Selective History

  • Majid Davoody BeniEmail author
Chapter
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Part of the New Directions in Philosophy and Cognitive Science book series (NDPCS)

Abstract

This chapter outlines some important stages in the history of the evolution of the philosophical conception of the self. It overviews the philosophical theories of Aristotle, Descartes, Hume, and Kant about notions of the mind, perception, cognition, and the self. In this chapter, I also introduce some important ideas of the book, for example, substantivalism about the self and structuralism. I show that the theories of Aristotle and Descartes line up with substantivalism, whereas views of Hume and Kant border on what is called a structural realist theory of the self in this book. The chapter also alludes to some scientific breakthroughs in psychology in the two last centuries and argues that the development of cognitive sciences occasions a break from the orthodox substantivalism about the self. I suggest that to give structure to the confusing pluralism that is caused by the divergence from substantivalism in scientific psychology, we may advocate a form of structural realism.

Keywords

Aristotle Descartes Hume Kant Substance Structure Form Self Mind Person 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of History, Philosophy, and Religious StudiesNazarbayev UniversityNur-Sultan cityKazakhstan
  2. 2.The Amirkabir University of TechnologyTehranIran

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