The main focus of this chapter is participants’ experiences as LGBT individuals in Japan. About a half of them were not out of the closet while living in Japan for reasons typically related to the Japanese family and their concern over sekentei (public decency). Regardless of their being in the closet, many experienced a bullying, unfair treatment, or/and discrimination. Only a few took action or measures against the assailant(s). Participants’ assessment of Japanese attitudes toward LGBT individuals, their reasons for fleeing Japan, as well as why they chose their respective host country and their expectations are discussed. In addition, some of the major reasons no participants applied for or thought that their case might fit an LGBT refugee status are examined.
- Coming out of the closet in Japan
- Japanese attitudes towards LGBT individuals
- LGBT diasporas
- Push and pull factors
- Eligibility for an LGBT-refugee status