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Questions and Scales

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Part of the AESS Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies and Sciences Series book series (AESS)

Abstract

We will begin by exploring the relationship between science and the type of human-centric challenges confronted in the nexus of FEW systems. We will then explore the wide range of scales in space and time, which arise in FEW nexus studies. These scales are rooted in factors related to decision-making; natural, political, and cultural geography; ecological functioning; engineering and infrastructure; scientific practice and capabilities; economics; and other considerations such as social structure, politics, culture, demographics, and human aspirations. We review the questions and scales at which we need to measure, collect data, model, and carry out significant computational work on FEW systems. We will explore how communities of science are required for effective research, and communities of practice are required for the effective application of Nexus science to problem-solving in the real world.

Keywords

Basic and applied research Use-inspired science Pasteur’s quadrant Micro-, meso, and macro scales Establishment-scale Interval-scale Process-scale Spatial and temporal scales Decision science Physical question vs. values questions 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environmental Engineering & Earth SciencesClemson UniversityClemsonUSA
  2. 2.Engineering and Data SciencesCargill Inc.WayzataUSA
  3. 3.Energy InstituteThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  4. 4.Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center and Global Water TeamUniversity of Maryland and The Nature ConservancyCollege ParkUSA
  5. 5.School of Informatics, Computing, and Cyber SystemsNorthern Arizona UniversityFlagstaffUSA
  6. 6.Energy Policy and Climate, Advanced Academic Programs, Krieger School of Arts and SciencesJohns Hopkins UniversityWashingtonUSA
  7. 7.Computer Science & Engineering, College of Science & EngineeringUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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