The Contract Random Interval Spectral Ensemble (c-RISE): The Effect of Contracting a Classifier on Accuracy

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11734)


The Random Interval Spectral Ensemble (RISE) is a recently introduced tree based time series classification algorithm, in which each tree is built on a distinct set of Fourier, autocorrelation and partial autocorrelation features. It is a component in the meta ensemble HIVE-COTE [9]. RISE has run time complexity of \(O(nm^2)\), where m is the series length and n the number of train cases. This is prohibitively slow when considering long series, which are common in problems such as audio classification, where spectral approaches are likely to perform better than classifiers built in the time domain. We propose an enhancement of RISE that allows the user to specify how long the algorithm can have to run. The contract RISE (c-RISE) allows for check-pointing and adaptively estimates the time taken to build each tree in the ensemble through learning the constant terms in the run time complexity function. We show how the dynamic approach to contracting is more effective than the static approach of estimating the complexity before executing, and investigate the effect of contracting on accuracy for a range of large problems.


Time Series Classification Spectral features Contract classifier 



This work is supported by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council [grant number BB/M011216/1], and the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) [grant number EP/M015807/1]. The experiments were carried out on the High Performance Computing Cluster supported by the Research and Specialist Computing Support service at the University of East Anglia and using a Titan X Pascal donated by the NVIDIA Corporation.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of East AngliaNorwichUK

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