The Means to a Blend: A Practical Model for the Redesign of Face-to-Face Education to Blended Learning

  • Maren ScheffelEmail author
  • Evelien van Limbeek
  • Didi Joppe
  • Judith van Hooijdonk
  • Chris Kockelkoren
  • Marcel Schmitz
  • Peter Ebus
  • Peter Sloep
  • Hendrik Drachsler
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11722)


Learning design models provide guidelines and guidance for educators and course designers in the production and delivery of educational products. It is seen as beneficial to base learning designs on general learning theories, but these must be operationalised into concrete learning design solutions. We therefore present one such educational design model: the Design Cycle for Education (DC4E). The model has primarily been created to support the shift from traditional face-to-face education to blended learning scenarios. The cycle describes eight steps that can be used iteratively in the (re)design of educational products and provides educators and course designers with a flexible but clearly structured design model that enables them to reinvent traditional course content for blended learning with appropriate learning design tools.


Blended learning Learning design Design model 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Open UniversiteitHeerlenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Zuyd HogeschoolHeerlenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.DIPFFrankfurt am MainGermany
  4. 4.Goethe UniversitätFrankfurt am MainGermany

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