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On Applying Ambient Intelligence to Assist People with Profound Intellectual and Multiple Disabilities

  • Michal KosiedowskiEmail author
  • Arkadiusz Radziuk
  • Piotr Szymaniak
  • Wojciech Kapsa
  • Tomasz Rajtar
  • Maciej Stroinski
  • Carmen Campomanes-Alvarez
  • B. Rosario Campomanes-Alvarez
  • Mitja Lustrek
  • Matej Cigale
  • Erik Dovgan
  • Gasper Slapnicar
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1038)

Abstract

Advances in ambient intelligence technologies achieved over recent years allow building ICT systems capable of supporting people in executing previously difficult tasks. This includes providing new opportunities to people with special needs, such as people with disabilities. In this paper we discuss our approach at designing and developing a smart platform that can assist people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) in achieving a portion of independence. We apply this approach in the INSENSION project executed within the Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme of the European Commission. In this paper, we describe the characteristics of the disability in question, focusing on the main challenge, which is the inability of individuals with PIMD to use symbols in their interaction. Due to the fact that, to our best knowledge, the topic of constructing a system that could assist this interaction has not been undertaken so far, we were required to thoroughly analyze how individuals with PIMD interact using non-symbolic behaviors. We then defined requirements for the platform capable of supporting their interaction with other people and possibly living environment, designed the architecture and built the first version with the use of AI methods. The evaluation of this version confirmed the soundness of our approach, which enables us to continue our work towards successful implementation of the planned ambient intelligence system and its validation in real-life scenarios.

Keywords

Smart assistive technologies Non-symbolic interaction Accessible technologies 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The research presented herewith has been conducted within the INSENSION project which has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement no. 780819.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michal Kosiedowski
    • 1
    Email author
  • Arkadiusz Radziuk
    • 1
  • Piotr Szymaniak
    • 1
  • Wojciech Kapsa
    • 1
  • Tomasz Rajtar
    • 1
  • Maciej Stroinski
    • 1
  • Carmen Campomanes-Alvarez
    • 2
  • B. Rosario Campomanes-Alvarez
    • 2
  • Mitja Lustrek
    • 3
  • Matej Cigale
    • 3
  • Erik Dovgan
    • 3
  • Gasper Slapnicar
    • 3
  1. 1.Poznan Supercomputing and Networking CenterPoznanPoland
  2. 2.CTIC Technological CentreGijonSpain
  3. 3.Jozef Stefan InstituteLjubljanaSlovenia

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