Skip to main content

Conclusion: The Success of the Proxy Strategy and Its Limits

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Iran, Revolution, and Proxy Wars

Part of the book series: Middle East Today ((MIET))

  • 951 Accesses

Abstract

Iran’s use of the proxy strategy has been a resounding success. With few resources, the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) created a massive Shiite Crescent that has destabilized the Middle East. While the statist elites were anxious about the price tag, the revolutionary export project carried a little cost. Helping the Guards, the international community was reluctant to push-back on their numerous violations of international law. More recently, however, the “cost of doing business” had increased. Israel perfected measures of defensive deterrence, and Saudi Arabia launched a campaign against the Houthis. Most notably, the Trump administration left the Iran’s nuclear agreement (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action—JCPOA) claiming, among others, that the deal freed up funds for the IRGC, declared a terror group, to use on their proxy ventures.

To ward off a sanction-induced regime collapse, the IRGC engaged in Anti-Access, Area-Denial (A2/AD) activities in the Straits of Hormuz and its Iraqi and Yemeni militias shelled oil installations in Saudi Arabia in a major test of the proxy project. While such tactics are not unlikely to change minds in Washington, the sanctions would significantly increase the price of revolutionary export and threaten the collapse of the regime.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or eBook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 79.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 99.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 99.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2020 The Author(s)

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Seliktar, O., Rezaei, F. (2020). Conclusion: The Success of the Proxy Strategy and Its Limits. In: Iran, Revolution, and Proxy Wars. Middle East Today. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-29418-2_8

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics