Enhancing Security of Cellular IoT with Identity Federation

  • Bernardo SantosEmail author
  • Bruno Dzogovic
  • Boning Feng
  • Van Thuan Do
  • Niels Jacot
  • Thanh Van Do
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1035)


This paper presents a Cellular Identity Federation solution which both strengthens and simplifies the authentication of Internet of Things (IoT) devices and applications by providing single sign-on between the network layer and IoT applications. They are hence relieved of the burden of authentication and identity management, which could be both technically and economically challenging. The paper aims at clarifying how IoT authentication can be skipped without compromising security. The proposed solution is described thoroughly, and the authentication process is depicted step by step. Last but not least is the comprehensive description of the proof-of-concept which shows the feasibility of the Cellular Identity Federation.


Cellular IoT NB-IoT Internet of Things M2M 5G Lower Power wide area network 



This paper is a result of the H2020 Concordia project ( which has received funding from the EU H2020 programme under grant agreement No. 830927. The CONCORDIA consortium includes 23 partners from industry and other organizations such as Telenor, Telefonica, Telecom Italia, Ericsson, Siemens, BMW, Airbus, etc. and 23 partners from academia such as CODE, university of Twente, OsloMet, etc.


  1. 1.
    GSMA: 3GPP Low Power Wide Area Technologies White Paper, 1 September 2016, Svetlana GrantGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dzogovic, B., Do, V.T., Feng, B., Do, T.V.: Building virtualized 5G networks using open source software. In: Proceedings of 2018 IEEE Symposium on Computer Applications & Industrial Electronics (ISCAIE 2018).
  3. 3.
    Booch, G., Rumbaugh, J., Jacobson, I.: Unified Modeling Language User Guide, 2nd edn. Addison-Wesley Professional, Boston (2005). ISBN-13: 978-0-321-26797-9Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Santos,B., Do, V.T., Feng, B., Do, T.V.: Identity federation for cellular internet of things. In: Proceedings of 2018 7th International Conference on Software and Computer Applications (ICSCA 2018). ACM (2018). ISBN 978-1-4503-5414-1Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    3rd Generation Partnership Project: 3GPP TS 33.220 V8.2.0 (2007-12) Technical Specification Group Services and System Aspects; Generic Authentication Architecture (GAA) Generic bootstrapping architecture (Release 8)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Olkkonen, T.: Generic Authentication Architecture, Helsinki University of Technology.
  7. 7.
    Do, V.T., Jønvik, T., Do, V.T., Jørstad, I.: Enhancing Internet service security using GSM SIM authentication. In: Proceedings of the IEEE Globecom 2006 Conference, San Francisco, USA, 27 November–1 December 2006. ISBN 1-4244-0357-XGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Do, V.T., Jønvik, T., Feng, B., Jørstad, I.: Simple strong authentication for internet applications using mobile phones. In: Proceedings of IEEE Global Communications Conference (IEEE GLOBECOM 2008), New Orleans, LA, USA, 30 November–4 December 2008. ISBN 978-1-4244-2324-8Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Liberty Alliance: ID-FF Architecture Overview – vers. 1.2-errata-v1.0Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    IETF Request for Comments: 6749: The OAuth 2.0 Authorization Framework, October 2012Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    OpenID Connect. Accessed October 2018
  12. 12.
    IEEE: 802.11 Wireless Local Area Networks. Accessed October 2018
  13. 13.
    Zigbee Alliance. Accessed October 2018
  14. 14.
    The OpenAirInterfaceTM Software Alliance (OSA). Accessed October 2018
  15. 15.
    Ettus Research, Inc., USRP N200. Accessed November 2017
  16. 16.
    Leshan. Accessed October 2018
  17. 17.
    Gluu. Accessed April 2019
  18. 18.
    AppAuth. Accessed April 2019

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernardo Santos
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bruno Dzogovic
    • 1
  • Boning Feng
    • 1
  • Van Thuan Do
    • 1
    • 2
  • Niels Jacot
    • 2
  • Thanh Van Do
    • 3
    • 1
  1. 1.Oslo Metropolitan UniveristyOsloNorway
  2. 2.Wolffia ASOsloNorway
  3. 3.Telenor ASAFornebuNorway

Personalised recommendations