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Introduction to the Persian Leopard National Conservation and Management Action Plan in Iran

  • Arezoo SaneiEmail author
  • Ali Teimouri
  • Goli Ahmadi Fard
  • Hamid Reza Asgarian
  • Masoud Alikhani
Chapter
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

To ensure persistence of a viable population of the Persian leopard in its wide range across Iran wherein also supports trans-boundary movements of the leopards to adjacent areas, the Iranian Department of Environment together with the Asian Leopard Specialist Society embarked on preparation of a species specific conservation and management action plan. Therefore, relative need assessments, stakeholder analysis, and required studies were conducted since 2012. To address the actual status of the Persian leopard in Iran an appropriate participatory planning model has been developed and subsequently, planning activities were conducted during several workshops and sessions by involvement of a wide range of participants from all over the country. A total of 45 internal and external main categories of stakeholders were recognized which also include various governmental and non-governmental organizations. Relatively, questionnaire surveys have been sent out to 60 universities and 220 NGOs with relative field of activities to identify the potential capabilities for implementation of the operations. These five annual action plans cover main topics of awareness raising, training and empowerment; habitat, media, veterinary and disease, rehabilitation centers, trans-boundary habitats and international co-operation, genetic conservation, compensation and insurance program, Persian leopard national network; research, evaluation and monitoring, protection units and wildlife wardens together with relative laws and regulations. This chapter briefly introduces this national document which was officially endorsed in early 2016 for implementation.

Keywords

Panthera pardus saxicolor Persian leopard National Leopard Action Plan Strategic conservation plan Innovative planning model Iran Participatory conservation planning 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The current Persian leopard national conservation and management action plan, which has been developed for the first time in Iran, is an achievement for attempts and co-operation of a group of knowledgeable, skilled, interested, and compassionate experts whom the leopard persistence across the Iranian natural environment is a true worriedness in their lives. My sincere appreciation to all those who co-operated in need assessments and researches, in particular immense efforts of representatives from all provincial DoE offices, collaborators in conducting the Persian Leopard Regional Workshops (first and second courses) and hosting provincial DoEs, representatives from related headquarters DoE units who attended the planning and approval sessions, all working groups of the Asian Leopard Specialist Society and members of the Persian Leopard Online Portal, wildlife wardens, local knowledgeable people, attending experts, and specialists.

Backing of the Head of the Department of Environment of Iran and Deputy of Natural Environment and co-operation of General Director of the Conservation, Hunting and Fishing Management General Office; Head of the Coordination and Organization of Protected Area Affairs and the relative DoE representative in the Persian Leopard Regional Workshops, provided the opportunity of developing this plan in an appropriate and remarkable participatory manner. This is recognizable that our today ability for developing a comprehensive and far-reaching plan on the basis of need assessments and appropriate research background was mainly due to the co-operation, willingness, and belief on a common goal. I hope that this plan becomes an effective step towards the conservation and protection of the Persian leopard, this national and world heritage that we hold in trust for future generations.

Arezoo Sanei (signed)

Executive Director

Persian Leopard National Conservation and Management Action Planning Program

January 2016

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arezoo Sanei
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ali Teimouri
    • 2
  • Goli Ahmadi Fard
    • 1
  • Hamid Reza Asgarian
    • 2
  • Masoud Alikhani
    • 2
  1. 1.Asian Leopard Specialist SocietyTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Environment(formerly) Conservation, Hunting and Fishing Management General OfficeTehranIran

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