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A King for the Mountainous Landscapes: An Overview to the Cultural Significance and Conservation Requirements of the Persian Leopard in Iran

  • Arezoo SaneiEmail author
  • Hossein Mohamadi
  • Shirin Hermidas
  • Hamid Reza Asgarian
Chapter
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

Similar to the other big cats of Iran (i.e., the Asiatic lion Panthera leo persica and the Caspian tiger Panthera tigris virgata that are extinct in the region), the Persian leopard Panthera pardus saxicolor has a unique importance in the Iranian art, history, and literature. Symbolization of these species over centuries to emphasize on strength, intelligence, and bravery of the kings and national heroes indicates the significance of the big cats including the leopard, for the Iranian society. The Persian leopard has been also the center of attention for several local and nationwide researches in Iran since 2002. Seeing this introductory chapter of the book mainly consisted of an overview to the prior knowledge about the subspecies, the cultural importance, results of an assessment to determine the leopard conservation requirements in various regions of Iran as well as problem trees addressing habitat-related issues (e.g., habitat destruction and degradation) and high leopard mortality rate.

Keywords

Persian leopard Conservation needs assessment Problem tree Cultural importance Literature Art Panthera pardus saxicolor Iran 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Asian Leopard Specialist Society education team as well as facilitators in the first courses of the Persian Leopard Regional Workshops (S. N. Neshat, P. Pakzadmanesh and M. Almasi). We would like to acknowledge Conservation, Hunting and Finishing Management General Office at central DoE and Provincial DoE Offices of North Khorasan, West Azarbaijan, Boushehr and Golestan and the GEF Small Grants Program at UNDP for the supports in conducting regional conservation need assessments.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arezoo Sanei
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Hossein Mohamadi
    • 3
  • Shirin Hermidas
    • 1
  • Hamid Reza Asgarian
    • 4
  1. 1.Asian Leopard Specialist SocietyTehranIran
  2. 2.Faculty of ForestryUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSelangorMalaysia
  3. 3.Environment, Health and Safety Commission, Karaj City CouncilAlborzIran
  4. 4.Department of EnvironmentConservation, Hunting and Fishing Management General OfficeTehranIran

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