‘A Bad Parliamentarism’: Normative Expectations and Criticism of Parliamentarism in the Weimar Reichstag
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The great discrepancy between the expectations towards the parliamentary system and the parliamentary realities was one of the many problems of the Weimar Republic. First, this chapter outlines some characteristics of parliamentary ideal and normative conceptions within the political spectrum that were represented in the Weimar Reichstag—as far as those parties did at all exhibit such concepts and did not, as Communists or National Socialists, stand for fundamentally antiparliamentary positions. In a second step the criticism of parliamentarianism, resulting from the discrepancy mentioned above, is analysed. The conclusion puts forward some reflections on the question, to what extent this criticism has contributed to destabilize the parliamentary system.