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Far from Becoming the Jaguar of Latin America: The Ecuadorian Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Turn

Part of the Studies of the Americas book series (STAM)

Abstract

This chapter explains the paradigmatic Ecuadorian STI policy change throughout the analysis of the most salient moments and instruments of the policy-making process. As into comprehend the importance of STI policy in Correa’s presidency, it is fundamental to understand the role assigned to science and technology in the ten years of his mandate. While it is important to study the key actors in STI policy-making process, it is equally significant to understand the visions of technology and social order that shape the actions, as well as the reasoning of these actors. For these visions are embedded in the process through which roles and purposes of science and technology become closely intertwined with broader conceptions of national identity, history, and future.

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Fig. 1

(Source Godin [2005, p. 6])

Fig. 2

(Source INEC—National Survey of Science, Technology, and Innovation 2014)

Notes

  1. 1.

    The Frascati Manual, issued in 1963, was the first standardized methodology to measure scientific and technological activities; this was followed by the Oslo Manual in 1992.

  2. 2.

    Production sectors: (1) Fresh and processed food, (2) Biotechnology, (3) Clothing and footwear, (4) Renewable energy, (5) Pharmaceutical industry, (6) Metalworking, (7) Petrochemical, (8) Wood products, (9) Environmental services, (10) Technology, (11) Vehicles, automotive, bodies and parts, (12) Construction, (13) Transportation and logistics, and (14) Tourism (SENPLADES 2012).

  3. 3.

    http://senescyt.boostlatam.com/index.php?r=usuario/bancodeideas.

  4. 4.

    It is worth noting that the international legal framework applied to South Korea in the 1960s to 1980s was different than that applied to Ecuador in the 2000s. World Trade Organization (WTO) rules limit the country’s freedom to impose barriers to trade, or to subsidize exports.

  5. 5.

    The government of Lenín Moreno already has announced intentions to close the Yachay Public Company by 2021.

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Correspondence to María Belén Albornoz .

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Albornoz, M.B. (2020). Far from Becoming the Jaguar of Latin America: The Ecuadorian Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Turn. In: Sánchez, F., Pachano, S. (eds) Assessing the Left Turn in Ecuador. Studies of the Americas. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-27625-6_13

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