Utilizing Software Design Patterns in Product-Driven Manufacturing System: A Case Study

  • Dmitrii DrozdovEmail author
  • Udayanto Dwi Atmojo
  • Cheng Pang
  • Sandeep Patil
  • Muhammad Irfan Ali
  • Antti Tenhunen
  • Taavi Oksanen
  • Kiril Cheremetiev
  • Valeriy Vyatkin
Conference paper
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 853)


This paper presents the development of a flexible product-driven manufacturing exemplified in a case study. The case study is based on Festo EnAS (“Energieautarke Aktoren und Sensoren” or “energy efficient actuators and sensors” in English) platform, enhanced with a mobile robot for logistics and a camera for automated visual-based product inspection. IEC 61499-based and wireless-capable embedded controllers are used to enable decentralized control architecture. In this case study, a software design pattern is considered to enable easier development of modular production systems with physically reconfigurable layout during the production process. This paper applies the software design pattern into production systems where product-driven approach is adopted, i.e. the overall production process is determined based on the product specifications/requirements from the customer.


Design patterns IEC 61499 Product-driven manufacturing 



The authors would like to thank Mr. Vesa Korhonen, the EEK department technician who have helped us a lot in technical and logistical support. The authors would like to also acknowledge our industrial partners who have provided their support on this project, to name a few, NxtControl that has provided NxtStudio software and to Festo that has provided a space to exhibit this project during the ScanAutomatic 2018 event in Gothenburg, Sweden. The project was partially funded by the European project DAEDALUS (H2020 Grant Agreement n\(^\circ \): 723248) and the Aalto Factory of the Future initiative from School of Electrical Engineering of Aalto University.


  1. 1.
    IEC 61499-1: Function Blocks Part 1: Architecture (2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Programmable Logic Controllers - Part 3: Programming Languages, IEC Standard 61131-3 (2013)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Atmojo, U.D., Gulzar, K., Vyatkin, V., Ma, R., Hopsu, A., Makkonen, H., Korhonen, A., Phu, L.T.: Distributed control architecture for dynamic reconfiguration: flexible assembly line case study. In: 2018 IEEE Industrial Cyber-Physical Systems (ICPS), pp. 690–695 (2018).
  4. 4.
    Atmojo, U.D., Salcic, Z., Wang, K.I.: Dynamic online reconfiguration in manufacturing systems using SOSJ framework. In: 2016 IEEE 14th International Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN), pp. 695–698 (2016).
  5. 5.
    Atmojo, U.D., Vyatkin, V.: A design pattern for systems composed from intelligent mechatronic modules with wireless communication: a case study. In: 2019 IEEE 24th IEEE Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation (ETFA) (2019, Accepted)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bonfè, M., Fantuzzi, C., Secchi, C.: Design patterns for model-based automation software design and implementation. Control Eng. Pract. 21(11), 1608–1619 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Brandl, D.: Design Patterns for Flexible Manufacturing. EngineeringPro collection. ISA (2006).
  8. 8.
    Cengic, G., Ljungkrantz, O., Akesson, K.: A framework for component based distributed control software development using IEC 61499. In: 2006 IEEE Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation, ETFA 2006, pp. 782–789. IEEE (2006)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Christensen, J.H.: Design patterns for systems engineering with IEC 61499. In: Verteilte Automatisierung - Modelle und Methoden für Entwurf, Verifikation, Engineering und Instrumentierung (VA 2000), pp. 63–71 (2000)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gamma, E., Helm, R., Johnson, R., Vlissides, J.: Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software. Addison-Wesley Professional Computing Series. Pearson Education (1994).
  11. 11.
    Gerber, C., Hirsch, M., Hanisch, H.M.: Automatisierung einer energieautarken Fertigungsanlage nach IEC 61499. atp magazin 51(03), 44–52 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gröhn, L., Metsälä, S., Nyholm, M., Saikko, L., Väänänen, E., Gulzar, K., Vyatkin, V.: Manufacturing system upgrade with wireless and distributed automation. Procedia Manufacturing 11, 1012 – 1018 (2017)., 27th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing, FAIM 2017, 27–30 June 2017, Modena, ItalyCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hametner, R., Zoitl, A., Semo, M.: Automation component architecture for the efficient development of industrial automation systems. In: 2010 IEEE Conference on Automation Science and Engineering (CASE), pp. 156–161. IEEE (2010)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Patil, S., Drozdov, D., Vyatkin, V.: Adapting software design patterns to develop reusable IEC 61499 function block applications. In: 2018 IEEE 16th International Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN), pp. 725–732. IEEE (2018)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Salcic, Z., Atmojo, U.D., Park, H., Chen, A.T., Wang, K.I.: Designing dynamic and collaborative automation and robotics software systems. IEEE Trans. Industr. Inf. 15(1), 540–549 (2019). Scholar
  16. 16.
    Serna, F., Catalán, C., Blesa, A., Rams, J.M.: Design patterns for failure management in IEC 61499 function blocks. In: 2010 IEEE Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation (ETFA), pp. 1–7. IEEE (2010)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sorouri, M., Patil, S., Vyatkin, V.: Distributed control patterns for intelligent mechatronic systems. In: 2012 10th IEEE International Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN), pp. 259–264. IEEE (2012)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Trentesaux, D., Thomas, A.: Product-driven control: concept, literature review and future trends, pp. 135–150. Springer, Heidelberg (2013). Scholar
  19. 19.
    Vogel-Heuser, B., Fay, A., Schaefer, I., Tichy, M.: Evolution of software in automated production systems: challenges and research directions. J. Syst. Softw. 110, 54–84 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Vogel-Heuser, B., Fischer, J., Rösch, S., Feldmann, S., Ulewicz, S.: Challenges for maintenance of PLC-software and its related hardware for automated production systems: selected industrial case studies. In: 2015 IEEE International Conference on Software Maintenance and Evolution (ICSME), pp. 362–371. IEEE (2015)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Vyatkin, V.: Intelligent mechatronic components: control system engineering using an open distributed architecture. In: 2003 IEEE Conference of Proceedings on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation, ETFA 2003, vol. 2, pp. 277–284. IEEE (2003)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Vyatkin, V., Karras, S., Pfeiffer, T.: Architecture for automation system development based on IEC 61499 standard. In: 2005 2005 3rd IEEE International Conference on Industrial Informatics, INDIN 2005, pp. 13–18. IEEE (2005)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zoitl, A., Strasser, T. (eds.): Distributed Control Applications: Guidelines, Design Patterns, and Application Examples with the IEC 61499, vol. 9. CRC Press, Boca Raton (2016)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dmitrii Drozdov
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Udayanto Dwi Atmojo
    • 3
  • Cheng Pang
    • 4
    • 5
  • Sandeep Patil
    • 1
  • Muhammad Irfan Ali
    • 3
  • Antti Tenhunen
    • 3
  • Taavi Oksanen
    • 3
  • Kiril Cheremetiev
    • 3
  • Valeriy Vyatkin
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Luleå University of TechnologyLuleåSweden
  2. 2.Penza State UniversityPenzaRussia
  3. 3.Aalto UniversityHelsinkiFinland
  4. 4.Jiangmen Goobotics Research InstituteJiangmenChina
  5. 5.Googol Technology (Shenzhen) Ltd.ShenzhenChina

Personalised recommendations