Crisis and Critique: Critical Theories and the Renewal of Citizenship-, Democracy-, and Human Rights Education

  • Michalinos Zembylas
  • André Keet
Part of the Contemporary Philosophies and Theories in Education book series (COPT, volume 13)


This chapter argues that the implications of reconsidering normalised ideas in HRE can become more intelligible by engaging, through critique, with the crises of our times. The interplay between crisis and critique, so this chapter argues, will open up new possibilities for emancipatory praxes within HRE that are better rooted within social reality. An enhancement of the social justice potential of HRE is also anticipated. Treating crisis and critique as analytically and historically central to the program of critical theory, this chapter further suggests that the major shifts in critical theory provide productive pathways for the renewal of HRE.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michalinos Zembylas
    • 1
  • André Keet
    • 2
  1. 1.Open University of CyprusLatsiaCyprus
  2. 2.Nelson Mandela UniversityPort ElizabethSouth Africa

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