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Ethnopsychology: Inserting Socio-cultural Components into a Bio-psychological Discipline

  • Rolando Díaz-Loving
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Part of the Latin American Voices book series (LAVIPH)

Abstract

The need for a multifaceted integrated behavioral and cultural science has led to the foundation of a series of indigenous psychologies around the world. In particular, Mexican ethnopsychology combines a universal conception of psychology with a consideration of cultural and local manifestations of psychological phenomena. In order to infuse culture into psychological research, the Mexican ethnopsychological tradition has stressed the conceptualization and measurement of psychological manifestations of culture. Among the variables to measure in relevant and sensitive fashion are norms, beliefs, values, cultural syndromes, and customs. An example is the study of the historic-socio-cultural premises of the Mexican family, which focus on the rules that govern the behavior among men and women, and between parents and their children. This chapter covers the specification and measurement of the norms and beliefs that govern behavior in couples, family, gender relationships, and contemporary issues. In addition, central to human relationships is the manner in which people confront everyday life problems, the literature dealing with this issue is found under coping styles. A section is devoted to coping styles under the term “philosophy of life,” which includes the conceptualization and measurement of the passive (self-modifying) and active (self-affirming) coping styles used in Mexico. A final section is devoted to the culturally relevant definition and measurement of individualism and collectivism within the Mexican culture. As an end result, the relationship of premises, coping styles, and individualism-collectivism to psychological variables is presented.

Keywords

Ethnopsychology Norms Beliefs Coping styles Individualism-collectivism 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rolando Díaz-Loving
    • 1
  1. 1.School of PsychologyNational Autonomous University of MexicoMexico CityMexico

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