Infrastructure-Relevant Storms of the Last Century

  • Xiaodong Chen
  • Faisal HossainEmail author


Over the past 100 years, numerous water management infrastructures have been constructed to serve the water-related needs of people worldwide (Mitchell 1990). The larger ones are typically reservoirs with a dam and are often built for multiple purposes (e.g., water supply, disaster control, energy production, recreation, and navigation). These large water management infrastructures are the center of local and regional water resources management (Grigg 1996; Asmal et al. 2000). With the projected increase of water usage in the coming decades due to population growth and economic development, dams and reservoirs will remain one of the most ubiquitous and centralized solutions to satisfy water demands (Graf et al. 2010; Schlosser et al. 2014).


  1. Asmal K et al (2000) Dams and development: a new framework for decision-making. The report of the world commission on dams. Earthscan Publications Ltd, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. Bullard RD (2008) Equity, unnatural man-made disasters, and race: why environmental justice matters. Res Soc Probl Public Policy 15:51–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chang C (1998) A case study of excessive rainfall forecasting. Meteorol Atmos Phys 66(3–4):215–227. Scholar
  4. Chang H, Kumar A, Niyogi D, Mohanty U, Chen F, Dudhia J (2009) The role of land surface processes on the mesoscale simulation of the July 26, 2005 heavy rain event over Mumbai, India. Global Planet Change 67(1):87–103. Scholar
  5. Chen X, Hossain F (2016) Revisiting extreme storms of the past 100 years for future safety of large water management infrastructures. Earth’s Future (AGU). Scholar
  6. Chen X, Hossain F, Leung R (2017) Establishing a numerical modeling framework for hydrologic engineering analyses of extreme storm events. ASCE J Hydrol Eng. Scholar
  7. Ellen SD, Wieczorek GF (1988) Landslides, floods, and marine effects of the storm of January 3–5, 1982, in the San Francisco Bay region, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  8. Graf WL, Wohl E, Sinha T, Sabo JL (2010) Sedimentation and sustainability of western American reservoirs. Water Resour Res 46(12).
  9. Grigg NS (1996) Water resources management. Wiley Online Library, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  10. Hu Z, Yan C, Wang Y (1983) Numerical simulation of rain and seeding processes in warm layer clouds. Acta Meteorologica Sinica 1:008Google Scholar
  11. Jansa A, Genoves A, Garcia‐Moya JA (2000) Western Mediterranean cyclones and heavy rain. Part 1: numerical experiment concerning the Piedmont flood case. Meteorol Appl 7(4):323–333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kato T (1998) Numerical simulation of the band-shaped torrential rain observed over southern Kyushu, Japan on 1 August 1993. J Meteorol Soc Jpn 76(1):97–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kumar A, Dudhia J, Rotunno R, Niyogi D, Mohanty U (2008) Analysis of the 26 July 2005 heavy rain event over Mumbai, India using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. QJR Meteorol Soc 134:1897–1910. Scholar
  14. Liu J, Bray M, Han D (2012) Sensitivity of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model to downscaling ratios and storm types in rainfall simulation. Hydrol Process 26(20):3012–3031. Scholar
  15. Livneh B, Rosenberg EA, Lin C, Nijssen B, Mishra V, Andreadis KM, Maurer EP, Lettenmaier DP (2013) A long-term hydrologically based dataset of land surface fluxes and states for the conterminous United States: update and extensions. J Clim 26(23):9384–9392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mitchell B (1990) Integrated water management: international experiences and perspectives. Belhaven Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  17. National Centers for Environmental Prediction/National Weather Service/NOAA/U.S. Department of Commerce (1994) NCEP/NCAR global reanalysis products, 1948-continuing, Research data archive at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Computational and Information Systems Laboratory, Boulder, Colo. (Updated monthly.) Accessed 23 Oct 2015
  18. National Centers for Environmental Prediction/National Weather Service/NOAA/U.S. Department of Commerce (2000) NCEP/DOE reanalysis 2(R2)., Research data archive at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Computational and Information Systems Laboratory, Boulder, Colo. Accessed 23 Oct 2015
  19. Pei L, Moore N, Zhong S, Luo L, Hyndman DW, Heilman WE, Gao Z (2014) WRF model sensitivity to land surface model and cumulus parameterization under short-term climate extremes over the southern great plains of the United States. J Clim 27(20):7703–7724. Scholar
  20. Rajeevan M, Kesarkar A, Thampi SB, Rao TN, Radhakrishna B, Rajasekhar M (2010) Sensitivity of WRF cloud microphysics to simulations of a severe thunderstorm event over Southeast India. Ann Geophys 28(2):603–619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Schlosser CA, Strzepek K, Gao X, Fant C, Blanc É, Paltsev S, Jacoby H, Reilly J, Gueneau A (2014) The future of global water stress: an integrated assessment. Earth’s Future 2(8):341–361. Scholar
  22. Stensrud DJ (2007) Parameterization schemes: keys to understanding numerical weather prediction models. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  23. Tan E (2010) Development of a methodology for probable maximum precipitation estimation over the American river watershed using the WRF model. University of California, Davis, CAGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pacific Northwest National LaboratoryRichlandUSA
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

Personalised recommendations