• Mary J. ThornbushEmail author
  • Oleg Golubchikov
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Geography book series (BRIEFSGEOGRAPHY)


In this final chapter, the problems posed by smart development are considered from an ethical perspective. Here, the business model and entrepreneurial smart growth are examined for implications to unchecked development based on artificial intelligence (AI) as being centrally-controlled by computer technicians and corporations. Caveats are presented for consideration of potential developments stemming from information technology or IT corporations and their involvement in the expansion of robotics, including those directly involved in smart cities.


Integrated (holistic) systems Interdisciplinary approach Framework/taxonomies for classification Models Robotics Smart control Democratic governance Urbanisation Sustainable development International ethics 


  1. Brenner N, Theodore N (2002) Cities and the geographies of ‘actually existing neoliberalism’. Antipode 34:349–379. Scholar
  2. Sadowski J, Pasquale F (2015) The spectrum of control: a social theory of the smart city. University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law, Legal studies research paper no. 2015–26.

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Environmental StudiesYork UniversityTorontoCanada
  2. 2.School of Geography and PlanningCardiff UniversityCardiffWales, UK

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