Sociotechnical Issues

  • Mary J. ThornbushEmail author
  • Oleg Golubchikov
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Geography book series (BRIEFSGEOGRAPHY)


The influence of technology in smart cities is inevitable and continues to emerge from an entrepreneurial approach stemming from the business model. Both hardware and software components of technology are part of technical advancements in technologically advanced cities. Although more work has been published on smart cities, especially since the early 2010s, there remain uncertainties and challenges posed by smart cities that, in practice, could pose problems for society. This chapter addresses some of these social issues, including democratic governance opposed by monitoring and control in these technocratic (rather than democratic) cities. Security is addressed as Big Data and Open Access information amasses on the Internet and can be accessed worldwide. This represents one of the key areas, especially with the diffusion of the public-private boundary caused by continued monitoring and the accumulation of information on people, their movements and behaviours.


Technology Economic/entrepreneurial approach Governance Democracy  Surveillance  Cybersecurity  Big Data Internet of things/IoT Networks Social engagement  


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Environmental StudiesYork UniversityTorontoCanada
  2. 2.School of Geography and PlanningCardiff UniversityCardiffWales, UK

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