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Rwanda and North Macedonia: Considering the Nature of Conflict and UN Peacemaking

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Abstract

Abdul Mumin Sa’ad compares successful UN preventive deployment in North Macedonia to monumental peacekeeping failure in Rwanda. The main thrust of argumentation is this; peacemaking is successful only to the extent disputants are willing to cooperate, rather than undermine the mission. President Kiro Gligorov prioritizes at independence protection of North Macedonian territorial integrity against possible aggression from Balkan neighbors, the four wolves; which is achieved once the UN Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP) arrives. The borders are effectively patrolled and secured. Gligorov encourages implementation of UN’s subsidiary mandate to: (I) implement economic component of UNPREDEP peacemaking. Grassroots programs are launched, boosting local employment, and self-reliance. Gligorov also accepts UN good offices diplomacy to: (II) address ethnic Albanian minority grievances. Low-key inter-ethnic dialogues yield fruit; the programs constitute paramount force minimizing inter-ethnic tensions between Slav-Macedonians and minority ethnic Albanians. Rwanda witnesses the opposite: Hutu-Tutsi antipathies are deepened and pronounced by Hutu supremacists; as well, anti-Tutsi campaigns of hate ceaselessly are perpetuated by independent media directed by the Genocidaires. The orphaned, emaciated UN Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) thankfully rescues and shields few thousand Rwandese citizens from the full fury of the 100-day genocidal onslaught, with about one million Tutsis lost counting moderate Hutus.

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-25354-7_8
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Sa’ad, A.M. (2020). Rwanda and North Macedonia: Considering the Nature of Conflict and UN Peacemaking. In: Akiba, O. (eds) Preventive Diplomacy, Security, and Human Rights in West Africa. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-25354-7_8

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