Empirical Evidence of Persistent Institutional Duality in Ukraine
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The authors present results from the Ukrainian Society survey showing (1) changes over time in the level of trust in the “new” democratic institutions, (2) changes in the rates of approval and satisfaction with the performance of elected officials, (3) empirical evidence of persistent institutional duality among large shares of the Ukrainian population and (4) the portrait of a society with a weak middle class, still unconvinced of the existence of social lifts based on meritocratic principles open to all and uncertain about its future but increasingly aware of the need for reforms. Ukrainians seem persuaded that a free market economy can bring economic development but fear unemployment and inflation. Thus, large shares of Ukrainians remain inclined to support a paternalistic-type of state.
KeywordsUkraine Institutional trust Institutional duality Economic reforms Institutional reforms Paternalism Meritocracy Social lifts (mobility)
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