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Adaptive Biomimetic Actuator Systems Reacting to Various Stimuli by and Combining Two Biological Snap-Trap Mechanics

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNAI,volume 11556)


In our project we aim to develop living, adaptive and energy-autonomous material systems that show dynamic, life-like and non-equilibrium (energy) features. Our demonstrators represent a first step towards future implementation of novel technologies into industrial products and everyday life applications. In this study, we present bioinspired demonstrators which not only incorporate the actuation principles and motion behaviors of two carnivorous plant species (Venus flytrap and waterwheel plant), but also show adaptive responses to different environmental triggers. The presented actuator systems are the first to successfully implement several plant movement actuation and deformation systems into one versatile adaptive technical compliant mechanism.


  • Bioinspired materials systems
  • Actuator systems
  • Hinge-less movements
  • Snap-trap
  • Snap-buckling
  • Kinematic amplification
  • Curved-line folding

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Funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany’s Excellence Strategy – EXC-2193/1–390951807. AW, GB, SP & TS are grateful to the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft for the funding our research on the biological role models within the framework of the CRC-Transregio 141 “Biological Design and Integrative Structures – Analysis, Simulation and Implementation in Architecture”. SP acknowledges funding by the Joint Research Network on Advanced Materials and Systems (JONAS).

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Correspondence to Falk Esser .

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Esser, F. et al. (2019). Adaptive Biomimetic Actuator Systems Reacting to Various Stimuli by and Combining Two Biological Snap-Trap Mechanics. In: Martinez-Hernandez, U., et al. Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems. Living Machines 2019. Lecture Notes in Computer Science(), vol 11556. Springer, Cham.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-24740-9

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-24741-6

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