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Rice

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Abstract

This study highlights the importance of basic elements of the bioecology of insect pests, which are fundamental to guarantee the success of insect pest management programs for rice crops. We related the bioecology of insect pests to alternate hosts, among other aspects. In the last decade, several insect pest species have colonized, established, and adapted, such as Hydrellia sp. (Korytkowski), Lissorhoptrus sp. (Kuschel), Tibraca limbativentris (Bergoth), and, recently, Euschistus nicaraguensis. Other commonly known species, such as Tagosodes orizicolus (Muir) and Oebalus insularis (Stål), with wide distribution in the American continent, stand out as key insect pests in rice crop. The producers will be able to implement strategies that may reduce the population of these insects, according to the biological and reproductive characteristics of the production areas. Insect pest management based on a dynamic and multidisciplinary context should be carried out in a holistic manner, thus promoting the profitability of the crops.

Keywords

  • Natural control
  • Egg parasitoids
  • Platygastridae
  • Oryza sativa

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-24733-1_31
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Acknowledgments

The authors are thankful to the “Sistema Nacional de Investigación” (SNI) and the “Secretaría Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación” (SENACYT), Panama, Panama, for the financial support.

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Correspondence to Bruno Zachrisson .

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Zachrisson, B. (2019). Rice. In: Souza, B., Vázquez, L., Marucci, R. (eds) Natural Enemies of Insect Pests in Neotropical Agroecosystems. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24733-1_31

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