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Ornamental Plants

Abstract

Flowers and ornamental plants are valued for their visual aspect; therefore, every effort is made toward the obtainment of quality products. One of the main problems associated with quality loss during cultivation is related to pests such as mites, thrips, aphids, whiteflies, mealybugs, lepidopteran larvae, fungus gnats, and coleopterans. Pest resistance to active principles and the requirement to comply with environmental rules have motivated minimum use of these products and the adoption of sustainable methods to protect the crops against pests. The preservation of biodiversity and the biological control of pests are fundamental practices in the sustainable production of ornamental plants, which have been adopted worldwide, especially in Latin-American countries. In this chapter, we provide some information about the use of more sustainable practices and the use of biological control agents against mites and insect pests in flower and ornamental plant crops, focusing on the results obtained in Latin-American countries.

Keywords

  • Augmentative biological control. Conservation biological control. Floriculture. Vegetation diversification

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Correspondence to Lívia Mendes Carvalho .

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Carvalho, L.M., Souza, B., de Sousa, A.L.V. (2019). Ornamental Plants. In: Souza, B., Vázquez, L., Marucci, R. (eds) Natural Enemies of Insect Pests in Neotropical Agroecosystems. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24733-1_29

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