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Predatory Mites for Biological Control of Phytophagous Mites

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Abstract

In this chapter we present methods for rearing predatory mites of family Phytoseiidae in the laboratory and in the greenhouse. In the laboratory, the suggested method is to rear specialized phytoseiids (Type I) in artificial arenas, using the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae as food, and to rear generalist phytoseiids (types II, III, and IV) in artificial arenas, using pollen as an alternative food. In a greenhouse, a mass production system of mites of family Phytoseiidae is suggested to obtain a maximum amount of specimens with little investment (cost, space, and work). In general, this process involves four steps: (1) the lab rearing of phytoseiid mites in pure populations, (2) the growth of host plants in greenhouses to rear prey mite (two-spotted spider mite, T. urticae, is the most widely used prey), (3) the establishment of the prey mite in the host plant as food for the phytoseiids, and (4) the rearing of phytoseiid predatory mites on the plants infested with T. urticae in greenhouses.

Keywords

  • Neoseiulus californicus
  • Phytoseiulus macropilis
  • Tetranychus urticae
  • Rearing methods of phytoseiid mites

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Correspondence to Paulo Rebelles Reis .

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Reis, P.R. (2019). Predatory Mites for Biological Control of Phytophagous Mites. In: Souza, B., Vázquez, L., Marucci, R. (eds) Natural Enemies of Insect Pests in Neotropical Agroecosystems. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24733-1_16

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