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The Conservation of Biodiversity: Argentina and Chile at the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources

  • Cristian LorenzoEmail author
  • Gabriela Roldán
Chapter
Part of the The Latin American Studies Book Series book series (LASBS)

Abstract

The Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) accepts proposals presented by its international membership for the designation of Marine Protected Areas (MPA) in waters surrounding Antarctica. Since CCAMLR’s inception in 1982, only two MPAs have come into effect so far to protect Antarctic marine resources. In 2017, Argentina and Chile submitted to CCAMLR a joint preliminary proposal for the designation of an MPA in Western Antarctic Peninsula and the Southern Scotia Arc region, an area of high traffic and long-term political contestation. This paper provides an insight into the political scenario unfolding that resulted in the joint proposal. Based on the qualitative work of document analysis, the conclusions of this research indicates that Argentina and Chile’s condition as Antarctic claimant countries and original signatories of the Antarctic Treaty is critical to this analysis. Both countries have long-term policies and a strong scientific and logistics presence in Antarctica. We also found the predominance of bilateral cooperation between both countries, including the Antarctic matters. The establishment of a new MPA in Antarctica pushed by Argentina and Chile suggests that they are also a source of international prestige and leadership. The purpose of this article is to contribute to the understanding of the political discussions involved in the protection of the Antarctic environment.

Keywords

Antarctic governance Antarctic science Foreign policy Antarctic peninsula 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro Austral de Investigaciones Científicas-Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Instituto de Ciencias Polares, Ambiente y Recursos Naturales-Universidad Nacional de Tierra del FuegoUshuaia, Tierra del FuegoArgentina
  2. 2.Gateway Antarctica, University of CanterburyChristchurchNew Zealand

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