Linking International Trade to Climate Change and Energy

Part of the European Yearbook of International Economic Law book series (EUROYEAR)


The argument goes that the causes of environmental problems in a market economy are economics and that the consequences of environmental problems have important economic dimensions that travel from producers to consumers of good and services. Hence, the importance of solutions that are environmentally effective, economically sensible, and politically pragmatic. In the specific case of trade, traditionally, the thinking has been that more trade meant more energy consumption and therefore higher levels of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Economic growth has come at a cost to the environment. But it does not have to be that way. Trade can be part of the solution to reducing GHG emissions by providing preferential treatment to green goods/services in trade agreements, leading consumers to buy green goods such as electric cars.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Queen Mary University of LondonLondonUK

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