The Finnish Basic Income Experiment: A Primer

  • Jurgen De Wispelaere
  • Antti Halmetoja
  • Ville-Veikko Pulkka
Part of the Exploring the Basic Income Guarantee book series (BIG)


De Wispelaere, Halmetoja and Pulkka describe how in 2015 a newly-elected centre-right coalition government committed to launching a Basic Income experiment. Since then, Finland has been propelled onto the global stage, and portrayed as one of the leaders in Basic Income policy development. The authors describe the specifics of the Basic Income experiment—its design and implementation features, the background to the government’s decision, and the several decades of public and political debate surrounding the Basic Income proposal that preceded that decision—and they reflect on the lessons to be learned for social security policy development in Finland, and in the wider Basic Income policy community.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jurgen De Wispelaere
    • 1
  • Antti Halmetoja
    • 2
  • Ville-Veikko Pulkka
    • 3
  1. 1.University of BathBathUK
  2. 2.University of TampereTampereFinland
  3. 3.University of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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