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Endoscopic Retrieval of Foreign Bodies

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The SAGES Manual of Flexible Endoscopy


Endoscopic retrieval of gastrointestinal foreign bodies is a commonly performed procedure among surgeons and gastroenterologists. Most true foreign body ingestions occur in young children 6 months to 6 years of age. Particular occupations, psychiatric diseases, and incarceration pose unique risks for foreign body ingestion. Food impaction occurs more commonly in adults, and is generally associated with underlying esophageal pathology. Colorectal foreign bodies most frequently occur during erotic stimulation, and may result in delayed presentation and incomplete histories due to embarrassment. Flexible endoscopy is the most efficacious approach to foreign body retrieval, with success rates greater than 95% and low procedure-related complications. Timely intervention reduces the risks of foreign body-related complications, such as complete obstruction, perforation, fistulization, or abscess formation.

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Correspondence to Jessica Koller Gorham .

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© 2020 Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES)

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Koller Gorham, J., Trus, T.L. (2020). Endoscopic Retrieval of Foreign Bodies. In: Nau, P., Pauli, E., Sandler, B., Trus, T. (eds) The SAGES Manual of Flexible Endoscopy. Springer, Cham.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-23589-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-23590-1

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