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Large Palaeomeanders in Europe: Distribution, Formation Process, Age, Environments and Significance

  • Jef VandenbergheEmail author
  • Aleksey Sidorchuk
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Part of the Geography of the Physical Environment book series (GEOPHY)

Abstract

Large palaeomeanders represent a characteristic morphological aspect of many valley floors worldwide. Although the present overview is limited to the European territory, a review of extent, age, geometry and significance in terms of former discharge conditions of large palaeomeanders is timely. Their large size was a function of unusually high river run-off that resulted from specific climate, topography, vegetation and frozen soil conditions. Therefore, their ages and appearances may be variable as a function of geographical position. In addition, the factors that caused the large size of these meanders are discussed. The dimensions of palaeomeanders may be used for discharge reconstructions, but this should be applied with caution, taking into account the different factors that caused the large size of these meanders.

Keywords

Large palaeomeanders River discharge Late Pleniglacial Lateglacial 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Many thanks go to Dr. C. Kasse for critical comments to this paper.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesVrije UniversiteitAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Geographical FacultyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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