Formative Design and Evaluation of an Immersive Learning Intervention for Adults with Autism: Design and Research Implications

  • Matthew Schmidt
  • Dennis BeckEmail author
  • Noah Glaser
  • Carla Schmidt
  • Fahad Abdeen
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 1044)


We present here the formative design and evaluation of Virtuoso, an immersive learning intervention for adults significantly impacted by autism. The intervention consisted of two components: a spherical, video-based VR intervention, and a headset-based VR intervention. VR-based interventions such as Virtuoso have garnered a modest basis of empirical support, but more is needed. The focus of the intervention was on using public transportation. Usage testing utilized multi-methods, including observational and survey methods. Results suggest a very positive user experience for participants using both video-based and headset-based VR, indicating the video-based condition was more relevant and easy to use. Implications for design and future directions for research related to VR-based interventions for individuals with autism are discussed.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew Schmidt
    • 1
  • Dennis Beck
    • 2
    Email author
  • Noah Glaser
    • 1
  • Carla Schmidt
    • 3
  • Fahad Abdeen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Instructional Design and TechnologyUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.Department of Curriculum and InstructionUniversity of ArkansasFayettevilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of Special EducationUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA

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