Development of Cognitive Transfer Tasks for Virtual Environments and Applications for Adaptive Instructional Systems

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11597)


Spatial navigation and spatial learning are important skills with implications for many different fields, and can be trained in Virtual Environments (VEs). Research in these areas presents a critical challenge: how to best design tests of knowledge transfer to measure learning from the VEs. Additionally, spatial learning tasks and VEs can be implemented in Adaptive Instructional Systems (AISs), which could result in improved spatial navigation and learning. The current paper describes the development of transfer tasks to assess different levels of spatial learning from experience in a VE, including recall, recognition, route, bearings, and map drawing transfer tests. Details are provided in regard to how transfer questions were generated and the reasoning behind them. Implications for the use of similar tasks in AISs and Intelligent Tutoring Systems are discussed.


Spatial navigation Virtual environments Transfer tasks Adaptive Instructional Systems Spatial learning 



This work was funded by the US Army Research Laboratory’s Human Research and Engineering Directorate. The authors would like to acknowledge Jason Moss who contributed to the conceptualization and development of the experiment. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the Army Research Laboratory or U.S. Government. The U.S. Government is authorized to reproduce and distribute reprints for Government purposes notwithstanding any copyright notation herein.


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Copyright information

© This is a U.S. government work and not under copyright protection in the United States; foreign copyright protection may apply 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.US Army Combat Capabilities Development Command Soldier Center – Simulation and Training Technology CenterOrlandoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychological and Brain SciencesUniversity of CaliforniaSanta BarbaraUSA
  3. 3.DCS CorporationLos AngelesUSA
  4. 4.US Army Research Laboratory, Human Research and Engineering DirectorateLos AngelesUSA

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