• PK Gupta


This chapter deals with acute or chronic toxicoses that can result from exposure to feed or bedding contaminated with toxins produced during growth of various saprophytic or phytopathogenic fungi or molds on cereals, hay, straw, pastures, or any other fodder. These fungi are known to produce various toxins and lead to various problems in animals. A few of commonly observed toxicoses observed in animals include aflatoxicosis, ochratoxin A (OTA) poisoning, ergot poisoning (also known ergotism), estrogenism, vulvovaginitis, facial eczema, fescue lameness (fescue foot), fumonisin toxicosis, mycotoxic lupinosis, trichothecene toxicosis, ryegrass staggers, paspalum staggers, slaframine toxicosis, Degnala disease, tremorgenic mycotoxicosis, etc. Some toxins are not consistently produced by specific molds and are known as secondary (not essential) metabolites that are formed under conditions of stress to the fungus or its plant host.


Mycotoxicoses Aflatoxicosis Ochratoxin A (OTA) poisoning Ergot poisoning Tremorgenic mycotoxicosis Ryegrass staggers Paspalum staggers Slaframine toxicosis Question and answer bank Multiple choice questions 

Further Reading

  1. Aiello SE (2016) The Merck veterinary manual, 11th edn. Merck & Co Inc.Google Scholar
  2. Gupta PK (2016) Fundamental in toxicology: essential concepts and applications in toxicology, Chapter 28. Elsevier/BSPGoogle Scholar
  3. Gupta PK (2018a) Illustrative toxicology with study questions, 1st edn. ElsevierGoogle Scholar
  4. Gupta PK (2018b) Epidemiology of animals poisonings in Asia. In: Gupta RC (ed) Veterinary toxicology- basic and clinical principals, 3rd edn. Elsevier, pp 57–69. (Chapter 4).

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • PK Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Toxicology Consulting Group, Academy of Sciences for Animal WelfareBareillyIndia

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