Advertisement

Trepanation During the Eighteenth Century: To Trepan or not to Trepan

  • José M. González-Darder
Chapter

Abstract

The eighteenth century was the ‘trepan century’ due to the interest on trepanation in Europe. Some surgeons, headed by the British Percivall Pott, recommended indiscriminate trepanation, even prophylactic, in case of any wound or cranial fracture. Faced with this, the attitude of the French surgeons was much more restrained. To indicate a trepanation, the French school gave importance to the clinical signs of cerebral compression, concussion and contusion, as well as the type of wounds or fractures. We describe the state of the art of trepanation at the beginning of the eighteenth century through the report of Daniel Turner. Then we approach and discuss the view of surgeons favourable to trepanation (Dionis, Pott, and others), against trepanation (Desault, Bichat and others) and others with an eclectic opinion (Heister and Benjamin Bell).

Keywords

Trepanation Trephine Prophylactic trepanation Turner Pott Dionis Desault Garengeot Petit Bichat Heister Benjamin Bell 

References

  1. 1.
    Terrier F, Péraire M. L’opération du trépan. Paris: Félix Alcan; 1895.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Turner, D. A remarkable case in surgery: wherein an account is given of an uncommon fracture and depression of the skull, in a child about six years old; Accompanied with a large abscess or aposteme upon the brain. With other practical observations and useful reflections thereupon the brain. Also an exact draught of the case, annex’d. And for the entertainment of the senior, but instruction of the junior practitioners. Communicated. London: R.Parker; 1709.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dionis P. Cours d’operations de chirurgie. Démontrées au Jardin Royal. Paris: Chez d’Houry; 1740.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Earle J. The chirurgical works of Percivall Pott: with his last corrections, to which are added, a short account of the life of the author, a method of curing the hydrocele by injection, and occasional notes and observations, vol. 1. Philadelphia: James Webster; 1819.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lesne FD. Traité des maladies chirurgigales et des opérations qui leur conviennent. Ouvrage posthume de M.J.L. Petit. Paris: Chez Méquignon; 1790.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bichat X. Oeuvres chirurgicales de P.J. Desault. Paris: Vve Desault, Chez Méquignon, Devilliers, Deroi; 1798.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bichat X. Oeuvres chirurgicales ou exposé de doctrine et de la practique de P.J. Desault. Paris: Chez Méquignon; 1813.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bichat X. Mémoires de la Société médicale d’émulation: 2de année: articles divers. Paris: Maradan; 1799.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Garengeot RJC. Nouveau traité des instruments de chirurgie les plus útiles et de plusieurs nouvelles machines propres pour les maladies des os. 2nd ed. Paris: Chez Guillaume Cavelier; 1727.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Diderot D, D’Alambert R. L’Encyclopédie. Paris: Chez Briasson, David, le Beton, Durand; 1751–1772.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Heister L. A general system of surgery. London: W. Innys; 1750.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Heister L. A general system of surgery. London: W. Innys; 1745.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Heister L. Institutions de Chirurgie. Avignon: Niel; 1770.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bell B. A system of surgery. New York: Penniman and Co; 1804.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • José M. González-Darder
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryHospital Clínico Universitario de ValenciaValenciaSpain

Personalised recommendations