1997–2010: The Restoration of Rights, Social Exclusion and Meta-governance

  • Jamie HardingEmail author


The Labour governments of 1997 to 2010 adopted the concept of social exclusion to explain social problems and this was reflected in their approach to tackling rough sleeping, where numbers reduced by approximately two thirds. For homeless families, the duties created by the 1977 Housing (Homeless Persons) Act were effectively restored by the 2002 Homelessness Act, and successful efforts were made to reduce the use of bed-and-breakfast hotels as temporary accommodation. A range of measures sought to direct the work of local authorities and voluntary organisations, which were reflected particularly in increased local authority interventions to prevent homelessness. Devolution of housing powers to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland led to divergence in homelessness policy, with Scotland adopting a particularly radical approach.


Meta-governance Devolution Bed-and-breakfast hotels Prevention Social exclusion 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Northumbria UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK

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