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An Architectural Framework Proposal for IoT Driven Agriculture

Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS,volume 1039)

Abstract

The Internet of Things is paving the way for the transition into the fourth industrial revolution with the mad rush of connecting physical devices and systems to the internet. IoT is a promising technology to drive the agricultural industry, which is the backbone for sustainable development especially in developing countries like those in Africa that are experiencing rapid population growth, stressed natural resources, reduced agricultural productivity due to climate change, and massive food wastage. In this paper, we assessed challenges in the adoption of IoT in developing countries in agriculture. We propose a cost effective, energy efficient, secure, reliable and heterogeneous (independent of the IoT protocol) three layer architecture for IoT driven agriculture. The first layer consists of IoT devices and it is made up of IoT driven agriculture systems such as smart poultry, smart irrigation, theft detection, pest detection, crop monitoring, food preservation, and food supply chain systems. The IoT devices are connected to the gateways by low power LoRaWAN network. The gateways and local processing servers co-located with the gateways create the second layer. The cloud layer is the third layer, which exploits the open source FIWARE platform to provide a set of public and free-to-use API specifications that come along with open source reference implementations.

Keywords

  • IoT
  • FIWARE
  • LoRaWAN

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Acknowledgements

The work presented in this paper was partially supported by the ERASMUS+ Key Action 2 (Strategic Partnership) project IOT-OPEN.EU (Innovative Open Education on IoT: improving higher education for European digital global competitiveness), reference no. 2016-1-PL01-KA203-026471 and the SerIoT Research and Innovation Action, funded by the European Commission under the H2020-IOT-2016-2017 (H2020-IOT-2017) Program through Grant Agreement 780139. The European Commission support for the production of this publication does not constitute the endorsement of the contents which reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

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Correspondence to Godlove Suila Kuaban .

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Kuaban, G.S., Czekalski, P., Molua, E.L., Grochla, K. (2019). An Architectural Framework Proposal for IoT Driven Agriculture. In: Gaj, P., Sawicki, M., Kwiecień, A. (eds) Computer Networks. CN 2019. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol 1039. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-21952-9_2

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-21952-9_2

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