Skip to main content

Study of Effect of Phase Separation on Pores Orientation of Electrospun Nanofibre

  • 798 Accesses

Part of the Structural Integrity book series (STIN,volume 8)

Abstract

Nanoporous fibres are advanced materials with wide application in drug delivery, sensor, filtration, membrane, wound dressing, encapsulation and catalysis. Known mechanisms for pore formation in electrospun are temperature-induced phase separation (TIPS) and vapour induced phase separation (VIPS), these are crucial to application and classification. The underestimated factor electrospinning parameter (polymer concentration) resulted in polymer and solvent rich phases which are capable of manipulating orientation in the jet. In view of this, expanded polystyrene was electrospun at various concentration and voltage. The morphology of resultant fibres were examined with Secondary Electron (SE) and Back Scattering Electron (BSE) detectors, both revealed clear porous micrographs. The resultant phases formed during elongation override popular mechanism in the science of pore formation in electrospun fibre. Finally, pathway for polymer re-use in membrane science is presented.

Keywords

  • Nanofibre
  • Electrolysis
  • Pore orientation
  • Concentration
  • Mechanism

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-21894-2_5
  • Chapter length: 2 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   149.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-21894-2
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   199.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   279.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 1.

References

  1. Lu, P., Xia, Y.: Maneuvering the internal porosity and surface morphology of electrospun polystyrene yarns by controlling the solvent and relative humidity. Langmuir 29, 7070–7078 (2013)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  2. Pierini, F., Lanzi, M., Nakielski, P., Kowalewski, T.A.: Electrospun polyaniline-based composite nanofibers: tuning the electrical conductivity by tailoring the structure of thiol-protected metal nanoparticles. J. Nanomate (Article ID 6142140), 1–8 (2017)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  3. Pierini, F., Lanzi, M., Nakielski, P., Pawłowska, S., Zembrzycki, K.: Tomasz Aleksander Kowalewski Electrospun poly(3 hexylthiophene)/poly(ethylene oxide)/graphene oxide composite nanofibers: effects of graphene oxide reduction Polym. Adv. Technol. 27, 1465–1475 (2016)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  4. Ramakrishna, S., Fujihara, K., Teo, W.-E., Lim, T.-C., Ma, Z.: An Introduction to Electrospinning and Nanofibers, pp. 1–103. World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. (2005)

    Google Scholar 

  5. Alayande, S.O.: The development of nanoporous membranes for crude oil sorbent and spillage remediation (Ph.D. Thesis) Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria, pp. 1–305 (2015)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to S. O. Alayande .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2019 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this paper

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this paper

Alayande, S.O., Dare, E.O., Edokpayi, J.N., Adeyemi, O.A., Adegbenjo, A., Msagati, T.A.M. (2019). Study of Effect of Phase Separation on Pores Orientation of Electrospun Nanofibre. In: Gdoutos, E. (eds) Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Theoretical, Applied and Experimental Mechanics. ICTAEM 2019. Structural Integrity, vol 8. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-21894-2_5

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-21894-2_5

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-21893-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-21894-2

  • eBook Packages: EngineeringEngineering (R0)