Improved Post-crack Energy Absorption Capability of Cementitious Composites Reinforced with CNTs and PPs

  • Panagiotis A. DanoglidisEmail author
  • Maria S. Konsta-Gdoutos
  • Emmanuel E. Gdoutos
Conference paper
Part of the Structural Integrity book series (STIN, volume 8)


In this study a thorough investigation of the pre-peak and post-crack mechanical behavior of cement mortars reinforced with carbon nanotubes and polypropylene microfibers, took place. Flexural strength, Young’s modulus, energy absorption capability and energy based dimensionless indices (toughness indices) were investigated. Prismatic specimens of neat mortar and mortars reinforced with 0.1 vol.% CNTs and 1.0 vol.% PPs were subjected to a three point close loop bending test. Combined networks of CNTs and PPs also incorporated in mortar matrix in order to investigate the synergistic effect of hybrid reinforcement on the mechanical properties of mortar composites in comparison to the singly-reinforced mortars. The experimental results showed an exceptional multi scale mechanical behavior of mortars as reflected from the load-deflection curves. Cement-based composites using carbon nanotubes or ladder scale reinforcement of CNTs and PPs are characterized by 1.9 times higher flexural strength and stiffness and 50% increased flexural toughness over the mortars reinforced with micro scale fibers alone. The post-crack energy absorption capability of multiscale reinforced mortars after the formation of the “first crack”, is also outstandingly improved as indicated by the increases of the toughness indices I5, I10, I20.


Mortar Carbon nanotubes Polypropylene Young’s modulus Toughness indices 



The authors would like to kindly acknowledge the financial support from the Academy of Athens under the Research Funding Program “Improving structural performance and monitoring of damage in nanomodified concrete composites using carbon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers” (200/877).


  1. 1.
    Brandt, A.M.: Fibre reinforced cement-based (FRC) composites after over 40 years of development in building and civil engineering. Compos. Struct. 86, 3–9 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lawler, J.S., Zampini, D., Shah, S.P.: Permeability of cracked hybrid fiber reinforced mortar under load. ACI Mater. J. 99(4), 379–385 (2002)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gdoutos, E.E., Konsta-Gdoutos, M.S., Danoglidis, P.A.: Portland cement mortar nanocomposites at low carbon nanotube and carbon nanofiber content: a fracture mechanics experimental study. Cement Concr. Compos. 70, 110–118 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Danoglidis, P.A., Konsta-Gdoutos, M.S., Gdoutos, E.E., Shah, S.P.: Strength, energy absorption capability and self-sensing properties of multifunctional carbon nanotube reinforced mortars. Constr. Build. Mater. 120, 265–274 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shah, S.P., Konsta-Gdoutos, M.S., Metaxa, Z.S.: Highly dispersed carbon nanotube reinforced cement based materials. United States Patent US9, 365, 456 (B2), 2016–06-14Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    American Concrete Institute: Report on Fiber Reinforced Concrete, ACI 544.1R-96 (1996)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Naaman, A.E., Shah, S.P., Throne, J.L.: Some developments in polypropylene fibers for concrete. ACI Special Publication 81, 375–396 (1984)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Panagiotis A. Danoglidis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maria S. Konsta-Gdoutos
    • 2
  • Emmanuel E. Gdoutos
    • 3
  1. 1.School of EngineeringDemocritus University of ThraceXanthiGreece
  2. 2.Department of Civil Engineering, College of EngineeringUniversity of Texas at ArlingtonArlingtonUSA
  3. 3.Academy of AthensAthensGreece

Personalised recommendations